The International Committee Of The Red Cross was formed in the year 1863. Its founder is Henry Dunant and its headquarter is located in Geneva. The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization that ensures humanitarian protection and assistance to victims of war and armed violence. This organization promotes laws around the world that protect war victims. The ICRC has more than 1100 branches throughout the country. The emblem of the committee is Red Cross on a white background.
Henry Dunant wrote a book named ‘ Memory of Solferino’. In his book he mentioned about neutral organizations should be established to aid the wounded soldiers injured in times of war. Just a year after his book was published red cross was formed. The father of the Red Cross, John Henry Dinant was born on May 8, 1828. His birthday is celebrated as World Red Cross Day. In 1901, he received the first Nobel Peace Prize for his works of human service. The theme of 2021 was ‘Together we are unstoppable. The theme of this year is ‘Be Human Kind’. (Red Cross journey)
The ICRC is an independent, neutral organization that ensures humanitarian protection and assistance to victims of war and armed violence. This organization promotes laws around the world that protect war victims. The ICRC also help in preventing human suffering while promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles.
Structure of ICRC
The ICRC is governed by an assembly, an assembly council (a subsidiary body with certain delegated powers) and a directorate (executive body). Both assemblies have a maximum of 25 co-opted members of Swiss nationality. The current president is Peter Maurer.
Finance and budget of ICRC
The ICRC is funded primarily by voluntary donations from public and private donors, governments and the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. This organization also keeps an account of its work and expenses in its annual report. Each year the ICRC makes appeals to its headquarters to cover its estimated costs, as well as additional appeals if needed in the field.
the fundamental principle of ICRC
There are seven fundamental principles of ICRC humanity, fairness, neutrality, Freedom, voluntary service, Unity, and Sovereignty. These seven principles provide an ethical, operational and institutional framework for the work of the Red Cross and Red Crescent movements. Adherence to these principles ensures the humane nature of the movement’s actions and brings stability to the wide range of activities it performs around the world.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent.
In today’s time, The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is the world’s largest humanitarian network. Its mission is to reduce human suffering, protect life and health, and maintain human dignity, especially during armed conflicts and other emergencies.
History of Indian Red Cross Society
Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS) was formed in the year 1920. Under the Indian Red Cross Society Act that was incorporated under Parliament Act XV of 1920. During the first world war when in India there were no proper relief services for the affected soldiers. The bill to constitute the Indian Red Cross Society was introduced in the Indian Legislative Council on 3rd March 1920. By Sir Claude Hill, member of Viceroy’s Executive Council. (Red Cross journey)
In June 1920 fifty members were formally nominated to constitute the Indian Red Cross Society. Indian Red Cross Society is a member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It has partnerships with the International Committee of the Red Cross, the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, St.John Ambulance, and Multinational firms. (Red Cross journey)
There are 700 branches throughout the country. India is a leading member of the largest independent humanitarian organization in the world the International Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement. The objective of IRCS is the promotion of health, prevention of disease and alleviation of the suffering among the people. The Indian red cross society aims to provide relief in times of disaster and emergencies and promote Health and Care for vulnerable peoples and communities.
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