Ground Report | New Delhi: Why do people get diarrhea; The digestive system breaks down whatever we eat and drink to and absorbs nutrients to produce the energy our bodies need. Residual solids that cannot be digested by our bodies will be excreted as feces or feces in various shapes, sizes, colours and textures.
As a doctor who treats patients with digestive problems, I often use the so-called “Bristol stool scale” to assess human stool tests. This scale ranges from Type 1 (in the form of hard lumps that separate) to Type 7 (which is a watery liquid without solid pieces). The best stool texture is Type 4, which resembles a soft banana.
If you defecate at least three times a day with watery and watery stools, then you have diarrhea. You will feel uncomfortable, because, during diarrhea, the intensity of urination occurs very quickly and is often difficult to control.
Food that has passed through the stomach will be in the form of liquid, then it goes to the small intestine where nutrients are absorbed. The remaining food then flows into the large intestine, where water is absorbed to form a stool.
When the small intestine and large intestine fail to do their job, the stool will become watery. This is what happens when we have diarrhea. Diarrhea usually occurs due to infections caused by viruses, bacteria and parasites.
That is why we are encouraged to maintain the cleanliness of our drinking water and the condition of our food and to get used to washing our hands before eating.
Germs cause diarrhea in different ways. Often they irritate the intestines and interfere with the absorption of fluids. Some germs cause diarrhea by releasing chemicals that make the intestines secrete fluid, which makes stools more watery. If germs come from food, symptoms can include vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.
- In fact, our digestive system is teeming with billions of bacteria and germs that can help digest food and protect us from bad germs.
- Taking antibiotics to treat infections can also cause diarrhea because they kill both good bacteria and bad bacteria that cause disease. However, people with diarrhea will usually recover after taking the antibiotics and the good bacteria will have time to recover.
- People with diarrhea need to drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Water is the best medicine.
- Avoid juices and sodas as they will make diarrhea worse. Also avoid foods that can make your digestive system work harder, such as dairy products.
- On the other hand, high-fibre foods such as sweet potatoes, oats and beets can help make stools denser.
- Never take diarrhea medication, even if it doesn’t require a prescription, without consulting your doctor first.
Some people are born with conditions that make them prone to diarrhea. The most common example is people with lactose intolerance. Lactose is a sugar in milk that requires a special enzyme, lactase, to be digested in the small intestine. Some people have little, or no, of this enzyme in their small intestine. As a result, lactose enters the large intestine without being broken down and absorbed, causing the stool to become very watery.
Celiac disease can also trigger diarrhea. Celiac sufferers have difficulty digesting gluten — a protein found in wheat and whole grains. For sufferers, eating gluten can damage the small intestine by activating their own immune system. This damage can be corrected by a gluten-free diet, but diarrhea can continue until the small intestine is completely healed and can digest again.
Some people have a history of digestive system allergies. They should avoid certain foods to prevent diarrhea and other symptoms.
Diarrhea can also be caused by drugs. Some medications have an effect that will make you have more frequent bowel movements.
There are also certain medical conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease – for example, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis – in which the small intestine, large intestine or both are inflamed over a period of time.
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