Statewise alcohol consumption in India, NFHS 5 and CRISIL Report

In India, about 160 million people consume alcohol. Out Of these, 95 percent are male aged between 18 and 49 years. Billions of liters of alcohol are consumed in the country every year. There are many states in our country where people line up at liquor shops like there is a line at medical stores. There is a total of 28 states and 8 union territories in India. Of these states, liquor is banned in Manipur, Lakshadweep, Bihar, Gujarat, Mizoram, and Nagaland.

Despite the liquor ban in Bihar, many people still drink alcohol.

According to the latest National Family Health Survey 5 report, Arunachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of both men (53%) and women (24%) who drink alcohol. Lakshadweep and Gujrat are among the lowest alcohol-consuming states in India.

Key Findings

  • Rural India drinks more alcohol as compared to urban India.
  • Alcohol consumption is more common in scheduled tribes than in any other caste/tribe group.
  • If we see religion-wise alcohol consumption among Hindus is 20%, Muslims 5%, Christians 28%, Sikhs 23.5%, Buddhist/Neo-Buddhist 24.5%, and Jains 5.9%, and others 47%.

NFHS 5:Highest Alcohol Consuming states (Men)

StateAlcohol Consumption %
All India18.7%
Rural India19.9%
Arunachal Pradesh52.6%
Andaman Nicobar Islands38.8%
Source: National Family Health Survey 5

NFHS 5: Lowest alcohol consumption (Men)

StateAlcohol Consumption %
Uttar Pradesh14.5%
Source: National Family Health Survey 5

NFHS 5: Alcohol Consumption Among Women

StateAlcohol Consumption %
All India1.3%
Rural India1.6%
Urban India0.6%
Arunachal (Highest in India)24.2%
Kerala & J&K (Lowest in India)0.2%
Source: National Family Health Survey 5

Crisil surveyed in the year 2020, 5 states Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala had consumed about 45 percent of the total alcohol sold in the country. Other states like Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, and Goa have the highest use of alcohol.

Do you know which state in the country drinks the most alcohol? Keeping the mentioned states out, as I mentioned above remaining states people drink about 600 crore liters of liquor every year. The state levies tax on this liquor and earns its income.

Barring the states that have banned liquor, the remaining states, and union territories have earned a total of Rs 1,75,501.42 crore in the year 2019-20 from the state excise duty on liquor. It has been found in the survey that alcohol, cannabis, and other intoxicants are the most used in the country.

CRISIL Survey on Alcohol consumption in India, Key findings

  • Chhattisgarh with a population of about 30 million. About 35.6 percent of people consume alcohol.
  • In Andhra Pradesh, about 34.5 percent of people consume alcohol regularly.
  • In Tripura, 34.7% of people consume alcohol. Of these, 13.7 percent of people regularly consume alcohol.
  • In Punjab, with a population of about 30 million, 28.5% of people consume alcohol. Of these, the figure for regular drinkers is 6 percent.
  • In Goa26.4 percent of the population, consumes alcohol.
  • In Arunachal Pradesh, 28 percent population drinks alcohol.
  • West Bengal state with a population of about 10 crores and about 1.4 crore people consume alcohol.
  • Karnataka with a population of 62 million, and about 11 percent of the people consume alcohol.
  • In Kerala about 19.9 percent of the people here consume alcohol.
  • In Tamil Nadu with a population of 73 million, about 15 percent of people consume alcohol.
  • In Rajasthan, 2.1 percent population drinks alcohol.
  • Meghalaya 3.4 percent has the least alcohol consumption, barring the prohibition states of Bihar and Gujarat.
  • Uttar Pradesh with a population of about 10 crores, 14 percent i.e. about 1.4 crore people consume alcohol.

Watch Our Ground Report on Uttarakhand Villages in the grip of Alcoholism

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