Ground Report | New Delhi Baby formula dangerous for child; Common side effects of infant formula, such as upset stomach, gas, or diarrhoea, usually stem from food allergies to the dairy or soy in infant formula. In rare cases, cow’s milk formula can increase the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis, or NEC, a serious intestinal disease that affects premature babies.
Common side effects of infant formula are usually caused by food allergies, contaminated formula, or using formula without proper nutrition. For example, many infant formulas are made with cow’s milk, and cow’s milk allergy is one of the most common infant allergies. About seven per cent of babies under 12 months are allergic to cow’s milk protein, according to the UK’s National Health Service.
Baby formula has all the nutrition needed by a baby, but studies show formula-fed babies may have a greater risk of respiratory infections, allergies, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), obesity, cognitive development issues and other health risks compared to breastfed babies.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
U.S. health officials warned parents not to use three popular powdered milk formulas that were produced at an Abbott plant in Michigan and that researchers recently linked to bacterial contamination.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA for its acronym in English) reported that it is investigating four reports of children who were hospitalized after consuming the formula, including one who died. The agency said one of the cases involved salmonella and three others involved Enterobacter sakazakii, a rare but dangerous bacteria that can cause blood infections and other serious health complications.
Serious Side Effects of Baby Formula
Infant formulas rarely cause serious side effects. But food allergies, nutrient deficiency, or contamination with baby formula can lead to serious health problems if left unchecked.
Premature babies can also develop a serious condition called necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) when they take cow’s milk infant formulas such as Enfamil or Similac. NEC affects one in 1,000 babies born prematurely, according to the Cleveland Clinic. The risk is greatest for babies who weigh less than two pounds at birth.
Life-threatening food allergy symptoms, such as swelling of the mouth or throat, hives, and vomiting, are a medical emergency. These can occur within days or weeks of starting cow’s milk infant formula. Babies can also be allergic to soy protein formula. Seek emergency medical attention immediately.
Side Effects of Switching Baby Formulas
Sometimes your baby’s pediatrician may recommend changing infant formulas. It may be due to food allergies, formula intolerance, or other medical issues. Some babies may have side effects when switching infant formulas, but these are usually mild digestive problems, such as changes in the stool.
Signs that a baby is not tolerating one type of formula well include diarrhoea, constipation, gas, or frequent vomiting. More serious intolerance problems include bloody stools, congestion or wheezing after eating.
It can be a shock to a baby’s sensitive digestive system if you switch formulas too quickly. Parents should transition a baby to the new formula by slowly adding it to feeding times. Be sure to talk to your paediatrician about how to properly transition your baby and how long to try a new formula to avoid side effects.
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