For decades, the world has relied on international treaties to address the threat of climate change. A legally binding global treaty is the best way to ensure collective responsibility.
In the negotiations for these climate discussions, India has made some headway. A few experiments have been tried on institutions, the climate narrative is more complicated than in previous decades. Strategic policy initiatives are increasingly on the national agenda, and climate diplomacy has advanced, especially in relation to new international initiatives. Hence, in the coming years, India’s role in climate policies both domestically and internationally will be crucial.
India’s early contribution
India has traditionally been very active in international negotiations, much more than other countries at comparable levels of per-capita income. And, much more than other large developing countries such as, for instance, China, which completely isolated itself from the outside world after the communist revolution.
In the initial years, India was among the pioneers of various crucial formulations that went on to define the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol, including the key formulation.
Initially, India, like almost all developing countries, insisted that developed countries, as the primary source of accumulated atmospheric GHGs, bear the primary responsibility for reducing emissions. In addition, transfer funds and technology to enable developing countries to cope with climate impacts. Furthermore, adopt mitigation measures as they can be based on their “respective capabilities,” or RC.
Exogenous power resources made available by India’s recent economic boom could be leveraged to supplement its traditional approach.
A few of the newer models that put India on a global stage are:
- International Solar Alliance
A joint venture between India and France to develop solar energy. An alliance of “sunshine countries” was established in 2015 with the aim of maximising the use of solar energy. The alliance’s goal is to lessen reliance on fossil fuels and other non-renewable energy sources.
- 2021 United Nations Climate Conference
Along with China, India took issue with the draft deal’s suggestion to “phase out” coal, preferring the wording, “phase down.”
Indian leaders say the nation requires billions of dollars to enable its clean energy transition and will push for better financing for developing countries at the summit. India has made many of its carbon emission goals conditional on receiving this financial help.
Climate change is a daunting phenomenon that affects the entire globe. And, as the world’s population, vehicles, industries, and human activities grow, the situation will worsen. It is critical to address the increasing incidences of climate-related phenomena, or the world will suffer severe consequences. The world has faced numerous challenges, including rising global temperatures, pollution caused by glacier melting, air pollution, and a resource shortage.
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