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Who are those demanding a separate Mithila state from Bihar?

Who are those demanding a separate Mithila state from Bihar?

The demand for the Mithila state even before independence is very old. In 1912, when Bihar came out of the Bengal province, it became a separate state. From that time the demand for a separate Mithila state started.

Since then, after coming out of the state of Bihar, Odisha in 1936 and Jharkhand in 2000 became separate states. On the other hand, the demand for a separate Mithila state continued.

The workers of Mithila state continued to protest against two demands. The first demand was to create a separate Mithila state by the name of ‘Mithilaanchal’. And the second demand is to include the Maithili language in the Eighth Schedule of the Government of India. These demands intensified after the creation of a separate state of Jharkhand.

Bihar is linguistically complex and diverse, with spoken languages ​​such as Maithili, Bhojpuri and Magahi, and dialects such as Vajjika and Angika, in addition to several other languages ​​of the Santhali and tribal people, in what is now the state of Jharkhand, separated from Bihar.

Maithili-speaking peoples are mainly found in Darabhanga, Muzaffarpur, Purunia, Begusarai and other parts that are geographically connected to Nepal.

The demand to separate Mithila and Magadha is not a new incident. They are demanding the Independence of India.

After independence, Dr Lakshman jha first demanded a Mithila state for the Maithili-speaking peoples. So Jagannath Mishra (former C.M. of Bihar) supported this claim. Then, several organizations organize a protest in Delhi for the state of Mithila. Then Kirti Azad and many other political people from BJP and Janata Dal supported this demand.

In 2015 Kirti Jha Azad, a Cricketer member turned BJP MP, also demanded a separate Mithila state for Maithili speakers.

“Mithila should be a separate state, if not a separate country,” he said, adding that he and other like-minded people will raise this issue in parliament to fulfil the long-standing dream of a separate state for Maithili speakers who understand more. from a dozen northern districts. Bihar, where the language is spoken.

With the upcoming Bihar assembly elections not far away, the demand for the creation of Mithilanchal will become an issue.

The Mithila region has its own language, rituals, cuisines, and social structures. Like any other culture, the Mithila culture also has its own good and bad practices. While bad practices should be eliminated, good and harmless ones should be preserved.

Since independence, both the Bihar government and the central government failed to develop Mithila region.

  • The government does not recognize the uniqueness of Mithila culture and needs to preserve it, while there are various laws to preserve local cultures across India.
  • Maithili, the language of the region, is not an official language in Bihar. The official languages ​​of Bihar are Hindi and Urdu, neither of which is the language of the native people of Bihar. The central government added Maithili as one of the official languages, but only in the Devnagari script. For any official job, native speakers must use a non-native language.
  • Mithila has suffered from flooding for centuries, but there is no concrete plan to solve the problem. There are hardly any bridges to cross the rivers. While Delhi has more than 10 bridges in Yamuna, Bihar has only 4-5 bridges in Ganga.
  • Illegal immigrants have invaded personal and public property and are also committing crimes. These are a threat to local law and order.
  • While there are two airports in South Ganga in Bihar, the only airport in North Ganga, Darbhanga, was seized by the Air Force in 1962. While the Air Force has the right to use the countries’ resources to defend our country, the government must replace them. people. Its operations for the people of Mithila became available only in 2020. It took governments 58 years to get it up and running for ordinary people.
  • Forts and palaces are tourist destinations all over the world, but in Mithila, the government took them over and turned them into government buildings, depriving the people of the region of the tourist industry.
  • Mithila’s irrigation system does not exist. The irrigation canals have yet to see water from any source other than rain. But government officials don’t even think before destroying farms in the name of development. They excavate the land of the farms, leaving it uneven and unusable.
  • Any trace of industry was systematically destroyed in Mithila and the government does not allow any new industry to be started. Corruption is rampant.

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