Ground Report | New Delhi: Which are the 10 poorest states of India, all of us would like to know. So today we will tell you about the poor states of India. As you know there are some poor state in India, just like some of the Richest states. List Top 10 poorest states in India.
Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh have emerged as the poorest states in India, according to NITI Aayog’s Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).
10 poorest states in India
Bihar is the 5th poorest state in India. Half of Bihar’s population is living below the poverty line. The poverty level in this state is around 33.74%. The reasons behind poverty are both institutional and technical, illiteracy, and structural and institutional factors of agriculture.
Bihar has the highest proportion of people of the state’s population followed by Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh who are multidimensionally poor.
- Highest: 64.75% Kishanganj
- Lowest: 29.20% Patna
Chhattisgarh is one of the poorest states in India. About 1/3 of the population of Chhattisgarh lives below the poverty line. 93% of the people in the state of Chhattisgarh are poor. When we talk of state earnings, Chhattisgarh contributes only 15% of the total steel produced in India. The poverty level of this state is 39.93%.
Jharkhand is the second poorest state in India. The poverty level of this state is about 42.16 percent. Jharkhand’s social indicators such as literacy, enrollment, infant mortality, and child nutrition are below the all-India average. Earlier Jharkhand was a part of Bihar till 2000.
- MPI Jharkhand: 42.16 per cent People are Multi Dimensional Poor
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Manipur is the third poorest state in India, it was formed in 1972. Poverty in Manipur is around 36.89%. There is a shortage of electricity, transportation and communication contribute to the industrial backwardness of this state. The social and economic structure of Manipur is one of the lowest in India.
Arunachal Pradesh is the fourth poorest state in India. In this state, people below the poverty line constitute 34.67%. It is the largest state in the northeastern states and was formed in 1987.
- MPI : 24.27 %
29.04% people are living below the poverty line. Half of the people in Odisha are educationally backward and female literacy is lower than the national average. The maximum number of children in the age group of six to 14 years is not going to school in Odisha.
About 32.07% of the people in Assam are below the poverty line. The location of Assam is far from the major production centers of India and this is the main reason for its low economic progress. The climatic conditions of Assam also hamper the development of the state.
Poverty in Madhya Pradesh is around 36.07%. Madhya Pradesh is home to the largest number of Scheduled Tribes (ST) in India and is often called the tribal state of India. The rural poor in forest areas, especially the tribal population, depend on forest resources for subsistence, income, and employment.
- Highest: 71.3% Alirajpur
- Lowest: 10.86% Indore
Poverty in UP is 37.08%. It is the largest state in India and one of the poorest states. Poverty, disease, and death continue in UP; Partly because many girls get married in their teens. UP is the state with the most malnourished children.
- Highest: 74.38% Shrawasti
- Lowest: 12.16% Lucknow
The percentage of people below the poverty line is 13.2%. Nutritional deficiency in children is severe in Karnataka. It has failed to spread Bangalore’s development facilities to the rest of the state. It is one of the few states with just one city, Bangalore, with over 1 million people. North Karnataka has remained untouched by development.
- Karnataka: 13.2%
- MPI: 13.69%
What is Multi Dimensional Poverty Index
According to Global MPI 2021, India’s rank is 66 out of 109 countries. The National MPI is aimed at deconstructing the Global MPI and creating a globally aligned and yet customised India MPI for drawing up comprehensive Reform Action Plans with the larger goal of improving India’s position in the Global MPI rankings.
It has three equally weighted dimensions – health, education, and standard of living.
These three dimensions are represented by 12 indicators such as nutrition, school attendance, years of schooling, drinking water, sanitation, housing, bank accounts among others.