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What is Panchamrita ‘five ambrosia’ formula of India to fight climate change?

What is Panchamrita ‘five ambrosia’ formula of India to fight climate change?

In August this year, Prime Minister Modi has proposed a five-fold strategy called ‘Panchamrita’ for India to play its part in helping the world get closer to 1.5 degrees Celsius on the first day of the world climate meeting in Glasgow.

India accounts for 17 per cent of the world’s population. However, it only contributes five per cent of emissions. In terms of renewable energy capacity, India is in fourth position.

What is Panchamrita?

‘Panchamrita’ is a traditional method of mixing five natural foods: milk, butter, curd, honey and brown sugar. These are used in Hindu and Jain worship rituals. It is also used as a technique in Ayurveda.
The prime minister euphemistically named his scheme “Panchamrita”, meaning “five ambrosia”.

  • India will get its non-fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatt by 2030
  • India will meet 50 per cent of its energy requirements till 2030 with renewable energy
  • India will reduce its projected carbon emission by one billion tonnes by 2030
  • India will reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by 45 per cent by 2030
  • India will achieve net zero by 2070

India at the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, expressed to intensify its climate action by presenting the world with five nectar elements (Panchamrit) of India’s climate action.

The update to India’s existing NDC translates the ‘Panchamrit’ announced at COP 26 into enhanced climate targets. The update is also a step towards achieving India’s long-term goal of reaching net zero by 2070.

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