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Bibi Ka Maqbara: A Historic Monument at Risk of Pollution

Bibi Ka Maqbara wide shot

Bibi Ka Maqbara, a historic monument in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. And, it is showing signs of pollution, according to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). To prevent further damage to the monument, the ASI is planning to conduct an impact study. The study would help to identify the sources and effects of pollution on the structure. Furthermore, create a comprehensive plan to mitigate it.

Signs of Pollution

In recent years, Bibi Ka Maqbara has shown visible signs of pollution such as : 

  • The black spots and discoloration on the marble surface of Bibi Ka Maqbara are caused by the deposition of pollutants such as carbon and sulfur dioxide, which are released into the air by various sources such as vehicles, factories, and other human activities. These pollutants settle on the surface of the monument and react with the marble, causing it to deteriorate over time.
  • Corrosion of metal components, such as railings and gates, is another sign of pollution. Metals are prone to corrosion in the presence of moisture, which can be caused by acid rain and other forms of water pollution. Corrosion weakens the metal structure and can cause it to break down over time, leading to further damage to the monument.
  • The deposition of dust and dirt on the monument is also a significant sign of pollution. Dust and dirt particles settle on the surface of the monument and can cause a buildup of grime, which can be difficult to remove and can contribute to further deterioration of the monument.
Aurangabad, Bibi Ka Maqbara
Aurangabad, Bibi Ka Maqbara | Photo: Flickr

Cause of Pollution

Pollution can be caused by a variety of sources, both natural and human-made. These sources include industrial activities, transportation, agricultural practices, waste disposal, natural phenomena, and human activities such as smoking and burning wood for cooking and heating. These sources release pollutants such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and particulate matter, which can have detrimental effects on the environment and human health.

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ASI’s response

To address the pollution problem, the ASI is planning to conduct an impact study to determine the sources and effects of pollution on Bibi Ka Maqbara. The study will involve the collection of samples from the monument and its surroundings, as well as the monitoring of air and water quality. The data collected from the study will be used to develop a comprehensive pollution control plan for the site.

Bibi Ka Maqbara (top view)
Bibi Ka Maqbara (top view) | Photo: Flickr

Possible Solutions

There are several possible solutions to the pollution problem at Bibi Ka Maqbara, including:

  • Installation of air purifiers and water filtration systems to remove pollutants from the environment.
  • Implementation of strict regulations to control human activities such as smoking, littering, and spitting in the vicinity of the monument.
  • Use of eco-friendly cleaning agents and methods to remove dirt and stains from the surface of the monument.
  • Promotion of awareness and education programs to encourage visitors and local communities to adopt sustainable practices and reduce pollution.
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Bibi Ka Maqbara is an important cultural and historical site that requires urgent attention to protect it from pollution. The ASI’s impact study is a positive step towards identifying the sources and effects of pollution on the monument and developing effective pollution control measures. However, it is important that these measures are implemented in a timely and effective manner to ensure the long-term preservation of Bibi Ka Maqbara for future generations.

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