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World day against child labour

World Day Against Child Labour 2020 focuses on the impact of covid 19 on child labour. It can push vulnerable children into child labour.

By kanishthasingh
New Update
world day against child labour 2020

I dream for a world which is free of child labour, a world in which every child goes to school, a world in which every child gets his right.

kailash satyarthi

Kanishtha Singh | Ground Report

This is probably a dream of every human who has feelings, emotions and thinks good about the future of the nation and mankind. We developed ourselves so much, civilised ourselves at such extents that with each coming day we keep failing ourselves as human.

All these disasters, killing of animals, forest fires, pandemics, etc etc., which we come across on usual basis is being created by us only. We humans have became like that one spider who entangles into his own web while building it.

World Day Against Child Labour 2020 focuses on the impact of crisis on child labour. We came across the COVID-19 health pandemic and the resulting economic and labour market shock are having a huge impact on people’s lives and livelihoods. Unfortunately, children are often the first to suffer. The crisis can push millions of vulnerable children into child labour.

Already, there are an estimated 152 million children in child labour, 72 million of which are in hazardous work. These children are now at even greater risk of facing situations that are even more difficult and working longer hours.

Source: Pixabay

Majority of child labour.

Children around the world are daily engaged in paid and unpaid forms of work that are not harmful to them. However, they are classified as child labourers when they are either too young to work, or are involved in hazardous activities that may risk their physical, mental, social or educational development. In the least developed countries, slightly more than one in four children (ages 5 to 17) are engaged in labour that is considered destructive to their health and development.

Africa ranks highest among regions both in the percentage of children in child labour — one-fifth — and the absolute number of children in child labour — 72 million. Asia and the Pacific rank second highest in both these measures — 7% of all children and 62 million in absolute terms are in child labour in this region.

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The Africa and the Asia and the Pacific regions together account for almost nine out of every ten children in child labour worldwide. The remaining child labour population is divided among the Americas (11 million), Europe and Central Asia (6 million), and the Arab States (1 million). In terms of incidence, 5% of children are in child labour in the Americas, 4% in Europe and Central Asia, and 3% in the Arab States.

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While the percentage of children in child labour is highest in low-income countries, their numbers are actually greater in middle-income countries. 9% all children in lower-middle-income countries, and 7% of all children in upper-middle-income countries, are in child labour. Statistics on the absolute number of children in child labour in each national income grouping indicate that 84 million children in child labour, accounting for 56% of all those in child labour, actually live in middle-income countries, and an additional 2 million live in high-income countries.

  • Almost 1 in 10 of all children worldwide are in child labour.
  • Child labour is in almost all sectors but 7 out of every 10 kids work in the agriculture sector.
  • As per the latest census (2011), there are 10.1 million child workers under the age of 14.
  • As per census 2011, 1 in 11 children are working in India (5-18 years).
  • A per ILO, 2002- Every Child Counts, New Global estimate on Child Labour, around 1.2 million kids have trafficked annually for child labour and sexual exploitation.
  • Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of child labourers in the country i.e. over 6 lakh children (Census 2011).
  • 62% child labourers work in the agriculture, forestry, and fishing industries.
  • 80% of child labour is concentrated in rural India.
  • Many kids work in hazardous conditions such as working in mines, bidi factories, cracker factories, dangerous machinery, chemicals and pesticides in agriculture. Some work as domestic workers in homes, workshops and plants.

This year, the World Day is conducted as a virtual campaign and is being organized jointly with the Global March Against Child Labour and the International Partnership for Cooperation on Child Labour in Agriculture (IPCCLA) .

A joint ILO-UNICEF paper on the impact of COVID-19 on child labour, to be released on 12 June, looks at some of the main channels through which the pandemic is likely to affect progress towards the eradication of child labour.

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