Ground Report | New Delhi: Why suicide rise in India; The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), there has been a record 10 percent increase in suicide deaths in 2020 compared to 2019. According to government figures, this is the first time since 1967 that such a large increase in suicide deaths has been recorded.
The NCRB is an agency operating under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, which keeps a record of annual accidents and suicides as well as releases its statistics. The new report covers the number of suicides between January 2020 and December.
According to the report, while suicide deaths increased by 10 percent last year, road accidents also dropped by about 11 percent due to months of lockdowns nationwide. While the cities had nominal traffic, other means of transportation were almost closed.
Why suicide rise in India?
The new report, released on the evening of Thursday, October 28, found that the daily number of students, workers, and unemployed people who committed suicide had risen sharply. It is also a reflection of how a global epidemic like Corona and the measures taken to prevent it has had a negative impact on Indian citizens.
According to the report, the number of deaths due to student suicides has increased by more than 21 percent last year, while the number of unemployed employees has increased by 16.5 percent and the number of workers has increased by more than 15 percent per day.
Farmers and agricultural workers also have a high suicide rate, with 10,677 people taking part in farming in 2020, up from 10,000 last year, according to the agency. It was 281.
In India, a total of 153,052 people committed suicide last year, according to official figures. That is, about four hundred people commit suicide every day. For the first time since 1967, there have been so many suicides in India in a single year.
However, this is the number that the police department has declared a suicide and then the government agencies also recognized and registered it, otherwise, a large number is left without a report.
Of the total number of male suicides last year, the highest number of deaths were among daily wage earners and 33,164 workers committed suicide. This is followed by 15,372 self-employed people. The third highest number is the suicides of unemployed people and 12,893 such people died due to suicide.
The highest number of 22,372 housewives were in the women’s category. Since then, 5,559 female students have committed suicide, while 4,500 daily wage earners have also committed suicide. According to the report, farmers and agricultural laborers accounted for 7% of the total suicides. In 2020, 5,579 farmers and 5,098 agricultural laborers committed suicide across the country.
The capital, Delhi, tops the list of major Indian cities in terms of suicides, with 3,025 people committing suicide last year. Second is the southern city of Chennai, where about 2,500 people committed suicide. Bangalore ranks third with nearly 2,000 people committing suicide.
Mass or family suicides
Cases of suicide have also been seen more in the case of school students. School colleges were closed in India during the Corona epidemic. Schools had made arrangements for online education, but due to the lack of laptops, smartphones, and the internet, many students were forced to drop out of school.
The latest data on suicides shows that many students also took their own lives due to failure in the examination. In the case of suicide, there is also a clear difference in the behavior of girls and boys below 18 years of age. Girls lost more of their lives because of a love affair.
Various reasons for suicide have also been mentioned in the report. Which family discord is said to be the biggest reason. Mental illness, drugs, problems related to marriage have also been cited as responsible reasons for suicide.