Ground Report | New Delhi: Which city in India; The water crisis in India seems to be deepening in the life of the people. In a study conducted by NITI Aayog in the year 2019, India stood at 120th place in the list of a water crisis of 122 countries. Four cities (Chennai is first, Kolkata is second, Mumbai is at number 11 and Delhi is at number 15) are in the top 20 out of 400 cities in the world facing a water crisis.
With the aim of providing clean water to every household, the Central Government has issued a test report of samples of drinking water taken from 20 states across the country. In 2019 Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution released a report, in this report, where Delhi was described as the worst in terms of water, Mumbai remained at the forefront of water.
Which city in India has cleanest water
The study showed that all the 10 samples collected from Mumbai comply with the standards. But it was the only city as all other cities failed in at least one parameter. In Hyderabad, Bhubaneswar, and Ranchi, one sample each failed to exceed the Indian standards. Of the 10 samples collected, five failed in Raipur, six in Amravati, and nine in Shimla.
None of the samples were drawn from 13 state capitals – Chandigarh, Thiruvananthapuram, Patna, Bhopal, Guwahati, Bengaluru, Gandhinagar, Lucknow, Jammu, Jaipur, Dehradun, Chennai, and Kolkata – complied with the requirements. Keeping in view the objectives of Pradhan Mantri Jal Jeevan Mission, the Center decided to study the quality of piped drinking water being supplied in the city.
Mumbai Tap water
It may be one of the exceptions in India due to its slightly more modern infrastructure. The treatment plant at Bhandup, Mumbai was commissioned in 1980 and it provides water to 70% of the area. It is considered to be one of the largest such plants in Asia and adheres to international standards.
Delhi tap water
In principle, Mumbai, like Delhi, has water treatment plants that comply with international standards. In 2015, 16 of the 20 districts tested had safe tap water. But others claim that Delhi’s tap water is safe to drink but not without a filter. You should filter the water before drinking it as it often gets contaminated due to pipe leakage.
In the latest 4 reports on the quality of tap water in Delhi, 2 say that it is unfit for drinking, and 2 claims that it is safer to drink than European tap water.
In short, the only way you can now be sure that your tap water is safe to drink is to test it with an authorized laboratory. This still does not mean that it is 100% safe as the quality may change over time but it will reduce the risk significantly. (Which city in India)
Many cities, especially Mumbai, have actually taken significant steps to improve water quality over the years. For example, from 2012-13, the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) has stopped using steel water pipes for surface distribution. The supply is now being made through 14 underground concrete water tunnels. In many slums, the crisscrossing network of pipe (spaghetti network) has been replaced with a single six-inch pipe.