Ground Report | New Delhi: Indian States with Highest Population; India is the second-most populous country in the world after China. It is predicted that it may overtake China shortly. In May 1949, the Government of India decided to take steps to develop a systematic collection of data on the size of the population, its growth, etc. and set up an organization. In the Ministry of Home Affairs under the Registrar General and ex-officio Census Commissioner, India
Indian States with Highest Population
- Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with 199,581,477 people as of 1 March 2011. The state contributes 16.16 per cent of India’s population. The population density is 828 persons per square kilometre, making it one of the most densely populated states in the country.
Estimates released by the Planning Commission for 2009-10 showed that Uttar Pradesh has 59 million people below the poverty line, the highest for any state in India.
Based on religion, the population in 2011 was Hindu 79.73 per cent, Muslim 19.26 per cent, Sikh 0.32 per cent, Christian 0.18 per cent, Jain 0.11 per cent, Buddhist 0.10 per cent and others 0.30 per cent.
According to the provisional results of the 2011 National Census, Maharashtra is the second most populous state in India, with a population of 112,374,333 (9.28% of India’s population), of which males and females are 58,243,056 and 54,131,277, respectively.
At the 2011 census for the state, 55% of the population was rural, with 45% being urban-based. Hinduism was the predominant religion of 79.8 per cent of the total population in the state, while Muslims constituted 11.5 per cent. Buddhism accounts for 5.8 per cent with 6,531,200 adherents, which is 77.36 per cent of all Buddhists in India. Sikhs, Christians and Jains constitute 0.2 per cent, 1.0 per cent, 1.2 per cent of the population respectively.
As of the 2011 India census, Bihar is the third most populous state in India with a population of 104,099,452 (54,278,157 males and 49,821,295 females).
Mainly, the population of Bihar is classified according to religion, social caste and ancestry, and language rather than specific ethnic affiliation.
According to the 2011 census, 82.7 per cent of Bihar’s population practises Hinduism, while 16.9 per cent follow Islam.
- West Bengal
According to the provisional results of the 2011 National Census, West Bengal is the fourth most populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55 per cent of India’s population). The state contributes 7.8 per cent of India’s population.
As of the 2011 Indian census, the Hindu population of West Bengal is 64,385,546 while the Muslim population is 24,654,825.
- Andhra Pradesh
As of the 2011 Census of India, the state had a population of 49,386,799 with a population density of 308/km2 (800/sq mi)
The total population constitute 70.4 per cent of the rural population with 34,776,389 inhabitants and 29.6 per cent of the urban population with 14,610,410 inhabitants.
The overall population of the state comprises 17.1 per cent of Scheduled Caste and 5.3 per cent of Scheduled Tribe population
- Madhya Pradesh
The population in Madhya Pradesh is 72,626,809. According to the 2011 census, 90.9 per cent of MP’s residents practised Hinduism, while the others are Muslims (6.6 per cent), Jains (0.8 per cent), Buddhists (0.3 per cent), Christians (0.3 per cent) and Sikhs. (0.2 percent).
- Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India. In the 2011 Census of India, Tamil Nadu had a population of 72,147,030. The state recorded the lowest fertility rate in India in 2005-06, with 1.7 children born for every woman, which is less than what is required for population stability.
According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Rajasthan is 68,548,437. Native Rajasthani people make up the majority of the state’s population.
The state of Rajasthan is also populated by Sindhis, who came to Rajasthan from Sindh province (now in Pakistan) during the Indo-Pakistan secession in 1947. As for religion, the residents of Rajasthan are predominantly Hindu, accounting for 88.49 percent of the population. Muslims make up 9.07 percent, Sikhs 1.27 percent and Jains 0.91 percent of the population.
Karnataka had a total population of 61,095,297 of which 30,966,657 (50.7 per cent) were males and 30,128,640 (49.3 per cent) were females or 1000 males for every 973 females.
About 84 per cent of the population was Hindu, 12.92 per cent was Muslim, 1.87 per cent was Christian, 0.72 per cent was Jain, 0.16 per cent was Buddhist, 0.05 per cent was Sikh 0.02 per cent belonged to other religions and 0.27 per cent of the population did not state their religion.
As of the 2011 India census, Gujarat state had a population of 60,383,628. The population density is 308 km (797.6/sq mi), which is low compared to other Indian states.
According to the 2011 census, the sTate has a ratio of 918 girls for every 1000 boys, which is the lowest (ranked 24th) among 29 states in India. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute about one-fifth of the state’s population.
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