Ground Report | New Delhi: Taliban capture in Afghanistan; Tragic chaos has been brewing at the Hamid Karzai International Airport in Kabul, Afghanistan’s capital, for the past several days. Meanwhile, two-level political talks are going on in Kabul. These interconnected conversations could determine the immediate future of Afghanistan in the days to come.
One of these talks focused on building a new political order in Afghanistan. At the same time, the second dialogue is related to giving international recognition to the Taliban-led government.
Taliban capture in Afghanistan
In an article published in the Indian Express, C Rajamohan explains, “At this time Pakistan is celebrating its victory in overthrowing the US-backed government from Afghanistan and driving India out of the region.” In such a situation, the question arises as to what steps India can take on this occasion.
Raja Mohan writes that “the Indian government may take a step back at this time to indicate that it is in a position to wait. One reason for this is that the Pakistani military is currently establishing a new Taliban-dominated political system in Afghanistan.” trying to do.” After that there is some distance. After this, it is a challenge for the Pakistan-backed system to achieve international legitimacy and secure its future. None of these tasks are easy. Pakistan’s own experience in these matters also points to the loss.”
Just imagine what happened when the Pakistani army last celebrated victory in Afghanistan. When Soviet forces withdrew from Afghanistan in 1989, the Soviet-backed Najibullah government faced attacks from Pakistani-backed mujahideen for three years before its collapse.
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But even after this, it took five years for Pakistan to establish proper control over Afghanistan through the Taliban. But before the Taliban and Pakistan could derive long-term geopolitical gains from their victories, the world fell on Afghanistan after the 9/11 attacks.
By the end of 2001, the Taliban government ended in the same way as the Ashraf Ghani government this month. There is no doubt that the Pakistani military can praise itself for patiently supporting the Taliban and bringing it back to power over the past decades.
Challenges facing Pakistan
Referring to the challenges facing Pakistan at present, Raja Mohan writes, “Before the Pakistani army can prepare the Taliban to share power with other groups, it has to accept each other among the various Taliban factions. Will have to prepare to do and place.
The hardest thing for any winning alliance is to divide the power and spoils of war. This task is going to be even more difficult for the Pashtun tribes as they are divided among themselves. The next problem after that is the inclusion of non-Taliban elements in the new government. Some steps are being taken by the Taliban in this direction, but so far no result has come from their side.
Another challenge is that the Taliban have not yet been able to convince the public of their noble intentions. Even now, thousands of Afghans are trying to flee the Taliban regime. Some opposing elements are coming together to take on the Taliban at the military level.” In the context of the Taliban, it is also necessary to say that it is easier to talk of an inclusive government.
And even if it is ever implemented, it will take a long time. But the Taliban and Pakistan have very little time. They want to gain recognition and legitimacy soon. And this situation makes us aware of the international dimension of the Afghan problem.
The international community has set some broad conditions for the recognition of a Taliban-led government. This includes respect for human rights, especially women’s rights, ending support for international terrorism, and ending opium production, in addition to an inclusive government in Afghanistan.
To gain political legitimacy as well as sustained international economic aid, they must seek the support of the US and its allies. The US has already accumulated nearly $10 billion in Afghanistan’s financial assets and some Western banks have banned economic transactions going to Afghanistan. In such a situation, these pressures make the present dire economic.
Delhi’s support of Afghan sovereignty
Along with this, the western countries have to get their people out of Kabul for the time being. And after some time humanitarian aid is also to be made available, which is being demanded in western countries. In such a situation, the importance of Pakistan is not going to diminish in the coming days.
After a long period of covert support to Pakistan, Pakistan has finally put the Taliban on its political shoulders. The Pakistani army is telling the world that the Taliban has changed. And if Pakistan succeeds in this dangerous game, then it can also get its benefit. But if you fail, the dangers are even greater.
Explaining the difference between the policies of the two countries regarding Afghanistan, C Raja Mohan explains that the policies of both the countries have come out of the British Raj of the 19th century. The Government of Pakistan seeks strategic depth in Afghanistan under the Forward Policy School. Those who follow this policy want to control the area beyond the Indus. Also, India is a supporter of its rival policy “Masterly Inactivity”. Which is a prudent policy with respect to dangerous areas located across the Indus. (Taliban capture in Afghanistan)
He says, “It is not a passive strategy. It acknowledges the futility of trying to control Afghanistan. It seeks to preserve scarce resources and deploy them at the most appropriate time and place. Many contradictions within is about coping and focusing on the subtle and indirect approach.
So, if Pakistan’s attempts to gain dominance anger Afghanistan, Delhi’s support of Afghan sovereignty will always be welcome by India. India, which adheres to Afghan values such as nationalism, sovereignty and autonomy, will remain in Kabul regardless of government. (Taliban capture in Afghanistan)
Raja Mohan says that the Indian government will remain relevant in the internal and external development of Kabul if India maintains constant contact with strategic patience and political sympathy for the Afghan people.
In 1990, Pakistan and the Taliban were given a free hand to decide the future of Kabul. The world had turned its back on them with the withdrawal of Soviet forces. But they soon lost more badly. This time too the world is deeply concerned about the internal and external policies of Afghanistan under Taliban rule. In such a situation, this situation gives the Indian government a better position to face the current problem than in the 1990s.