National water mission, Explained!

National Water mission | Nearly 600 million people in India are experiencing high to extreme water stress, according to the “Composite Water Management Index” report. The report was released by NITI Aayog in June 2018. According to the survey, with about 70% of its water being contaminated, India is ranked 120th out of 122 nations for water quality.

Read more: Composite Water Management Index

The National Water Mission was launched in 2011. According to the Department of Water resources, river development, and Ganga rejuvenation, the National Water Mission is one of the eight National Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change. The main objective of the National Water Mission is the conservation of water, minimizing wastage, and ensuring its more equitable distribution both across and within states through integrated water resources development and management. 

Read more: Jal Shakti Abhiyan

Five goals

  • Comprehensive water database in the public domain and assessment of the impact of climate change on water resource
  • Promotion of citizens and state actions for water conservation, augmentation, and preservation
  • Focused attention to vulnerable areas including over-exploited areas
  • Increasing water use efficiency by 20%
  • Promotion of basin-level integrated water resource management

    Read more: National Water Mission | Department of Water Resources, RD & GR | GoI
Also Read:  National Solar Mission, Explained!

Catch The Rain: National Water Mission

'Catch the Rain' campaign by Nehru Yuva Kendra | Courtesy: Twitter/@NMurshidabad
‘Catch the Rain’ campaign by Nehru Yuva Kendra | Courtesy: Twitter/@NMurshidabad

Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Catch The Rain 2022 was launched by the President of India and its tagline is ‘Catch the rain, where it falls when it falls’. This campaign encourages the states and the stakeholders involved to build suitable RainWater harvesting Structures (RWHS). Through effective, campaigning and information, education, and communication initiatives, it also involves the general public in the fulfillment of the mission.

Read more: Catch the Rain

Activities under this campaign

  1. Drives to make check dams, water harvesting pits, and rooftop RWHS
  2. Removal of encroachment and desilting of tanks to increase their storage capacity
  3. Removal of obstruction in the channel which brings water to them from the catchment areas
  4. Repair step-wells and use defunct bore wells and unused wells to put water back into aquifers

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