The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) released a report revealing that India was the fourth worst-hit country by natural disasters in 2021, resulting in the internal displacement of 49 lakh individuals.
India natural disasters
The report, which covers a wide range of environmental issues impacting India’s sustainable development, highlights the impact of climate change on livestock, seasonal variations, and the potential for decarbonizing hard-to-abate sectors such as aviation, steel, and shipping
According to the CSE report, India faced extreme weather events on 271 out of the 304 days between January 1 and October 31, 2022. These events resulted in the loss of 2,952 lives and damaged 1.81 million hectares of crop area.
This year’s edition specifically highlights the impact of climate change on livestock, seasonal fluctuations, and the potential for decarbonization of challenging sectors like aviation, steel, and shipping, among others.
During the report’s launch, CSE director Sunita Narain stated that although there is a growing awareness of environmental issues, such as pollution’s impact on health and the devastating effects of climate change, people are not taking enough action to address these challenges.
Narain emphasized the need for deliberate efforts to reverse the damage caused by human activities.
Decline in rainfall
A research paper published in the journal Nature Communications in June 2015 suggests that there has been a decline in rainfall in certain Indian states between 1901 and 2012. The primary cause of this trend is the rapid warming of the Indian Ocean, which decreases the temperature contrast between land and ocean and weakens the monsoon rainfall.
The monsoon rainfall also relies on the temperature difference between different latitudes. The warming of land areas is catching up to the warming of the ocean, which may lead to a tug-of-war situation between the two in determining the strength of the monsoon circulation.
- Dal Lake And Wular Lake’s Water Holding Capacity Reduced By 40 To 70%
- 15,301 Wetlands Encroached In UP, Its Highest In The Country
- India Generates 150,000 Tonne Of Municipal Solid Waste Every Day
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