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How many nuclear reactors does India have?

Nuclear reactors India; Nuclear power is the fifth largest source of electricity generation in India after coal, gas, wind power

By Ground report
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How many Nuclear reactors India have?

Nuclear power is the fifth largest source of electricity generation in India after coal, gas, wind power, and hydroelectricity. At present, India has 22 operational nuclear reactors with an installed capacity of around 6,780 MW.

India is not very rich in fossil fuel resources and considering the large and increasing demand for energy, all sources of energy are optimally implemented. Nuclear power is a clean and environmentally friendly source of electricity generation, which is available 24/7.

There are currently 22 reactors with a total capacity of 6780 MW in operation and one reactor, KAPP-3 (700 MW) was connected to the grid on January 10, 2021. The current installed nuclear power capacity is 6780 MW and contributes about 3% of the total electricity generation in the country. Projects under construction and sanctioned are expected to be phased in by 2031. More nuclear power plants are also planned for the future.

List of Nuclear reactors in India

Sl.no. Plant Name Date of commercial operation Location Gross Power (MWe) Type
1. Tarapur Atomic Power Plant-1 (TAPS-1) Oct-1969 BOISAR, MAHARASTRA 160 BWR
2. Tarapur Atomic Power Plant-2 (TAPS-2) Oct-1969 BOISAR, MAHARASTRA 160 BWR
3. Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant-1 (RAPS-1) Dec-1973 KOTA, RAJASTHAN 100 PHWR
4. Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant-2 (RAPS-2) Apr-1981 KOTA, RAJASTHAN 200 PHWR
5. Madras Atomic Power Plant-1 (MAPS-1) Jan-1984 KALPAKKAM, TAMILNADU 220 PHWR
6. Madras Atomic Power Plant-2 (MAPS-2) Mar-1986 KALPAKKAM, TAMILNADU 220 PHWR
7. Narora Atomic Power Plant-1 (NAPS-1) Jan-1991 NARORA, UTTAR PRADESH 220 PHWR
8. Narora Atomic Power Plant-2 (NAPS-2) Jul-1992 NARORA, UTTAR PRADESH 220 PHWR
9. Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant-1 (KAPS-1) May-1993 TAPI, GUJARAT 220 PHWR
10. Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant-2 (KAPS-2) Sep-1995 TAPI, GUJARAT 220 PHWR
11. Kaiga Generating Station-1 (KGS-1) Nov-2000 KAIGA, KARNATAKA 220 PHWR
12. Kaiga Generating Station-2 (KGS-2) Mar-2000 KAIGA, KARNATAKA 220 PHWR
13. Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant-3 (RAPS-3) Jun-2000 KOTA, RAJASTHAN 220 PHWR
14. Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant-4 (RAPS-4) Dec-2000 KOTA, RAJASTHAN 220 PHWR
15. Kaiga Generating Station-3 (KGS-3) May-2007 KAIGA, KARNATAKA 220 PHWR
16. Kaiga Generating Station-4 (KGS-4) Jan- 2011 KAIGA, KARNATAKA 220 PHWR
17. Tarapur Atomic Power Plant-3 (TAPS-3) Aug-2006 BOISAR, MAHARASTRA 540 PHWR
18. Tarapur Atomic Power Plant-4 (TAPS-4) Sep-2005 BOISAR, MAHARASTRA 540 PHWR
19. Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant-5 (RAPS-5) Feb-2010 KOTA, RAJASTHAN 220 PHWR
20. Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant-6 (RAPS-6) Mar-2010 KOTA, RAJASTHAN 220 PHWR
21. Kudankulam Nuclear Power Station-1 (KKNPS-1) Dec-2014 KUDANKULAM, TAMILNADU 1000 PWR
22. Kudankulam Nuclear Power Station-2 (KKNPS-2) Mar-2017 KUDANKULAM, TAMILNADU 1000 PWR

At the same time, there are nine nuclear power reactors in various stages of construction, scheduled for completion in 2024-25.

Nuclear Power Plants in India 2022- Under Construction

The nation will have nine nuclear reactors by 2024 and a new nuclear project, the first in northern India, will emerge 150 kilometers from Delhi in Haryana's Gorakhpur.

State Location Project Capacity(MW) Sanctioned Cost (₹ crore)
Gujarat Kakrapar KAPP 3&4 2 x 700 11459*
Rajasthan Rawatbhata RAPP 7&8 2 X 700 12320
Tamil Nadu Kudankulam KKNPP 3&4   2 X 1000 39849
Kalpakkam PFBR& 500& 5677
Haryana Gorakhpur GHAVP 1&2$ 2 x 700 20594
What is the Cost of a 100 MW Nuclear Plant?

A large 1-gigawatt reactor would cost around $5.4 billion to build, excluding financing costs. By contrast, a new wind farm costs just $1,980 per kilowatt.

Is Nuclear energy completely environment friendly?

Yes, Nuclear energy is a zero-emission source. It generates power through fission, which is the process of splitting uranium atoms to produce energy. The heat released by fission is used to create steam that spins a turbine to generate electricity without the harmful byproducts emitted by fossil fuels.


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