According to the United Nations, there is a 40 percent chance that the rise in global temperature in the next five years will cross the 1.5 degree Celsius limit.
Ground Report | New Delhi: A report released by the United Nations warned that there is a 40 per cent possibility that the rise in global temperature in the next five years will cross the 1.5 degree Celsius range. At the same time, there is also an increasing possibility that the temperature increase will increase with time.
Significantly, in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change in 2015, the target of increasing the temperature was kept below 1.5 degrees Celsius from the pre-industrial period. However, the increase in global temperature has gone up to 1.2 degree Celsius so far.
Not only this, the report also has a 90 percent chance that at least one year between 2021 and 2025 will be such that it will break all the records of the rise in temperature so far, which means that it is in the history so far Will be the hottest year.
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According to the records, despite La Niña, 2020 was the hottest year yet , when the average rise in temperature was recorded at par with 2016 and 2019. If we look at the average rise in temperature during 2020, it was 1.28 degree Celsius more than the pre-industrial period. Not only this, the last decade (2011 to 20) was the warmest decade in history.
On the other hand, if you look at another report published by the United Nations, ” Emission Gap Report 2020 “, it was expressed that if the rise in temperature continues in the same way, by the end of the century, that increase would have crossed 3.2 degrees Celsius. Will go. Which will have disastrous consequences.
In addition, this report predicts that on one hand, there is a possibility of increasing tropical cyclones in the Atlantic Ocean. On the other hand, there is a possibility of more rain than usual in Sahel and Africa of Africa. At the same time, there is a high probability of drought in the southwestern part of North America.
WMO Secretary-General Pateri Talas has said that this is more than the figures. Rising temperatures mean a greater amount of ice melting , sea level rise, heatwave rising, as well as extreme weather events becoming more destructive. Which will have an impact on food security, health, environment and sustainable development. According to him, this once again warns us that the world urgently needs to reduce increasing emissions .
If we consider all these, then the temperature is changing much faster than before, which we are suffering due to. If we did not listen to all these warnings today, very soon the temperature of the Earth will reach the tipping point , then we will not have any chance to deal with it.