Ground Report | New Delhi: Cloudburst caused havoc in Himalayan; Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand have become such states in the Himalayan region, where cloudburst can occur at any time and at any time. Due to such frequent incidents this year, there has been extensive damage to life and property, which is being assessed.
The phenomenon of cloudburst is usually seen more in July and August, but this time there has been a lot of devastation in the month of May. Scientists are seeing clear signs of climate change behind these events.
Cloudburst caused havoc in Himalayan
From January 2021 to August 02, 2021, a total of 20 cloudburst incidents have occurred in the Himalayan states. Some of these incidents have been confirmed through the local authority. However, there has not been a single clear confirmation of cloudburst cases from the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). In 14 times cloudburst incidents have occurred in Uttarkhand, 8 times in Himachal Pradesh, and 7 times in Jammu and Kashmir.
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The occurrence of a cloudburst is measured on extremely difficult parameters. Perhaps that is why, according to the IMD, a total of 30 cloud bursts have been recorded between 1970-2016. Of these, 17 have been recorded in the Garhwal region of Uttarakhand.
According to the IMD’s definition, unless there is 100 mm of rainfall in an hour, it will not be considered a cloud burst. At the same time, there are some scientists who place these events in the category of a mini cloudburst.
What is Cloud Burst?
We are all familiar with torrential rains, but torrential rains do not mean ‘cloud bursts’. During the monsoon months, many parts of South Asia experience continuous rains and sometimes very heavy rains, but the term cloud burst is used only when a small area receives a hundred millimeters per hour. Or more rainfall should be recorded.
Why Cloud Bursts Occur?
Cloud burst ‘is actually a sudden rainstorm that usually occurs in deserts or mountainous areas. Scientifically this phenomenon occurs when there are hot airwaves below the surface of the earth or clouds. In this case, the rain from the clouds starts to evaporate again before it reaches the surface of the earth, so the clouds become denser because of the old raindrops (raining) from the clouds. Push the new drops back into the clouds. It is this increased pressure that causes the clouds to move faster and heavier at some point.