The country is going to face an unprecedented water crisis. The shrinking lakes in most parts of the country are also testifying to this.
The Wular lake in Kashmir is the largest freshwater lake in India. By 1980, the Wullar lake was spread over 202 square kilometers. Today, this lake has shrunk by two-thirds to just 74 sq km.
Dal Lake, known as Srinagar, has been steadily shrinking since the 1960s. In the records of the year 1900, the size of Dal Lake is 26 sq km. Today the lake is reduced to just 11.5 sq km.
The identity of Nainital district of Uttarakhand may not be shrinking in size Naini lake, but its depth is continuously decreasing. According to environmentalist doctor Sujata Bisht, the lake had a depth of 96 meters in 1987. Now the depth is reduced to 27 meters. The rest of the lakes in the district are also in trouble.
This lake, which falls in the Puri district of Odisha, is the second largest lake in India. This lake is also a confluence of sweet and salt water. According to local residents, the maximum depth of Chilka Lake was 3-6 meters 30-40 years ago. Today it has been reduced to only one and a half meter.
The famous lake Bhoja Tal of Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is also constantly shrinking. In the satellite images of 2017, Bhoja Tal was spread over 2400 hectares. In 2019, the tal was reduced to just 700 hectares.
This lake in Bengaluru made headlines for the first time in 2015, when it became very foamy and smoke started to rise. Due to encroachment, this lake has lost 95 percent of its share in the last 20 years. In some places it looks like a drain.
Lost lakes of chennai
Researchers at Chennai’s Anna University claimed, based on the city map of 1893, that there were more than 60 lakes and ponds in the center of Madras at one time. Due to indiscriminate urbanization, now only seven big lakes are left in Chennai. Ground water in the city land has almost gone.