Ground Report | New Delhi: Which state has lowest fertility; The National Family Health Survey for 2019-21 has revealed that Jammu and Kashmir have the lowest fertility rate in all of India and Jammu and Kashmir have a 0.6% rate since 2015-16.
Why Jammu and Kashmir has lowest fertility
Experts in Jammu and Kashmir believe that there are many causes of infertility but the most common causes are late marriage, knowledge of contraception, obesity, lifestyle changes, and consumption of junk food.
Dr. Farhat Jabeen, Head of the Department of Gynecology and Gynecology at GMC Srinagar, said that there are many reasons behind the increase in infertility in Jammu and Kashmir. The most common are late marriages as people get older. The problem associated with fertility grows, News agency KNO reported.
“Poverty, unemployment, dowry, the tradition of extravagant marriages, barriers to higher education, and the wait for government jobs are some of the main reasons for the troubled late marriage trend,” she said. Fertility is between 18 years. For years and 25 years, and nowadays it is not uncommon for girls to get married in their late 20’s or 30’s, unless their fertility is already significantly reduced.
The problem of infertility is considered to be more of a problem for women but experts say that in about half of the cases, only or partially men are responsible for this problem.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common hormonal disorder in women of childbearing age that is on the rise, leading to obesity, lifestyle changes, changes in eating habits and even diabetes, she said.
avoiding late marriages
Jabeen said that in order to avoid declining fertility, a system needs to be established in the society, avoiding late marriages, change in eating habits, weight control.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It is a complication often caused by certain STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Other infections that are not sexually transmitted can also cause PID.
Experts say that PID is now common and the reason is that when you have more than one sexual partner and use an intrauterine device (IUD) to control the birth. Jabeen said cases of abortion have increased and septic abortions are performed by untrained people and often lead to genital tract infections and infertility.
Jabeen said, “Getting married at the right time, raising awareness among educated women about the right age for marriage, lifestyle changes, exercise is essential to avoid further decline.”
The latest National Family Health Survey data for 2019-21, released on Wednesday for the Phase-II states as well as the Total India data, shows that Jammu and Kashmir have the highest number of men and women in the country. The total fertility rate (TFR) is the fourth highest among women.
Among the major states, the lowest birth rate is 1.4 in Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu and Kashmir recorded the highest birth rate decline of 0.6 between the last NFHS survey of 2015-16 and the latest survey. The TFR was 3.6 in 1991 and dropped to 2.3 in 2007.
According to the TFR survey, urban areas of Jammu and Kashmir have seen a sharp decline. It has come down from 1.6 in 2015-16 to 1.2 in 2019-20. In rural Jammu and Kashmir, TFR has come down from 2.2 in 2015-16 to 1.5 in 2019-20.