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1256 lives lost in water based extreme weather events: govt in Rajya Sabha

In response to a question raised in the Rajya Sabha, the Minister of State said human lives lost in hydro meteorological calamities,

By Ground report
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What are hydro meteorological calamities that took 1256 lives this year in India?

In response to a question raised in the Rajya Sabha, the Minister of State in the Ministry of Home Affairs, Nityanand Rai, provided crucial information on human lives lost in hydro meteorological calamities, including rain and flood incidents during the year 2023-24. The State-wise details of casualties have been reported by the respective State Governments and Union Territories.

According to the data presented, various States and Union Territories tragically lost a total of 1256 lives due to these calamities. Among the most severely affected states, Bihar witnessed a devastating loss of 502 lives, followed by Madhya Pradesh, with 98 casualties reported. Similarly, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh were each impacted, resulting in 97 fatalities, making them among the worst-affected regions.

The State Governments conduct damage assessments for 12 notified natural calamities, which encompass rain and floods, and they provide relief assistance from the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) that the Government of India has already made available to them, following the approved Items and Norms.

What is hydro meteorological calamities

Hydro-meteorological calamities, also known as hydro-meteorological disasters, are natural disasters that result from the interaction between atmospheric processes (meteorological) and water-related events (hydrological).

Weather-related phenomena primarily drive these calamities, such as heavy rainfall, floods, cyclones, hurricanes, typhoons, storms, droughts, and extreme weather events.. The term "hydro-meteorological" combines "hydro" (related to water) and "meteorological" (related to weather) to signify the combined impact of weather and water-related elements in causing these disasters.

Key Points on Hydro-Meteorological Calamities:

  1. Natural hazards encompass severe natural phenomena, classified into two categories: hydro-meteorological and geological hazards.
  2. Hydro-meteorological hazards include tropical cyclones, heavy rainfall, severe thunderstorms, floods, and drought, while geological hazards consist of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
  3. A combination of geological and hydro-meteorological factors causes landslides and avalanches.

States/UTs report hydro-meteorological calamity fatalities 2023-24.

S.No. State Human Lives Lost (No.)
1 Andhra Pradesh 36
2 Arunachal Pradesh 5
3 Assam 37
4 Bihar 502
5 Chhattisgarh 28
6 Gujarat 97
7 Haryana 37
8 Himachal Pradesh 97
9 Karnataka 80
10 Kerala 21
11 Madhya Pradesh 98
12 Maharashtra 77
13 Meghalaya 7
14 Nagaland 4
15 Punjab 38
16 Rajasthan 32
17 Sikkim 5
18 Tripura 13
19 Uttar Pradesh 3
20 Uttarakhand 29
21 Dadar & Nagar Haveli 3
22 Delhi 4
23 J&K 2
24 Puducherry 1

While these natural calamities have had a significant toll on human lives, the Ministry acknowledges the critical role of the Central and State Governments in disaster management. The Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments by providing requisite logistics and financial support.

2023-2024 SDRF funds allocation/release

State Allocation of SDRF Release under SDRF 1st Installment 2nd Installment
Andhra Pradesh 987.20 1315.20 493.60 -
Arunachal Pradesh 220.80 245.60 110.40 -
Assam 680.80 756.80 340.40 -
Bihar 1248.80 1664.80 624.40 -
Chhattisgarh 380.80 508.00 181.60 -
Goa 9.60 12.80 4.80 -
Gujarat 1168.00 1556.80 1140.00 -
Haryana 433.60 577.60 216.80 -
Himachal Pradesh 360.80 400.80 180.40 180.40
Jharkhand 500.80 667.20 - -
Karnataka 697.60 929.60 348.80 -
Kerala 277.60 369.60 138.80 -
Madhya Pradesh 1605.60 2140.80 802.80 -
Maharashtra 2841.60 3788.80 1420.80 -
Manipur 37.60 41.60 18.80 -
Meghalaya 58.40 64.80 27.20 -
Mizoram 41.60 46.40 20.80 -
Nagaland 36.80 40.80 18.40 -
Odisha 1415.20 1886.40 707.60 -
Punjab 436.80 582.40 218.40 -
Rajasthan 1307.20 1742.40 653.60 -
Sikkim 44.80 49.60 22.40 -
Tamil Nadu 900.00 1200.00 450.00 -
Telangana 396.00 528.00 188.80 -
Tripura 60.80 67.20 30.40 -
Uttar Pradesh 1705.60 2273.60 812.00 -
Uttarakhand 826.40 918.40 413.20 -
West Bengal 892.00 1189.60 446.00 -
Total 19,572.80 25,565.60 10031.20 180.40

The State Governments are responsible for damage assessments and providing relief assistance from the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), following the Government of India's approved Items and Norms. Additionally, in cases of disasters categorized as 'severe nature,' the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) provides additional financial assistance as per established procedures.

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