Shab-e-Barat: The night of fortune and forgiveness

Ground Report | New Delhi: Shab-e-Barat; Shaban is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. It is a month of blessings and asking Allah for forgiveness. Shab e Barat is an important night in the Islamic calendar and is celebrated in the middle of Shaban. This blessed night begins at sunset on the 14th of Shaban and ends at sunrise on the 15th of Shaban. The day is also known as Shab-e-Raat, Bara’a Night, Mid-Sha’ban, Barat Night, Cheragh e Brat (light), Berat Kandili or Nisfu Syaaban (in Southeast Asian Muslims) or Laylat al- Barat.

When is Shab-e-Barat observed?

The Islamic lunar calendar is based on the appearance of the moon. So, there are 29 or 30 days in each month of the Islamic calendar. Similarly, Shuban, which is the eighth month in the Islamic calendar, also has 29 or 30 days. Normally, the new date starts after midnight. But in the Islamic calendar, a new date begins with the appearance of the moon just as the sun goes down.

Therefore, Shab-e-Barat is observed in the middle of the month of Shuban (the 15th of Shuban) every year. And Shuban 15 begins at the time of sunset on Shuban 14 and is observed throughout the night.

Night of fortune and forgiveness

In 2022 the night will fall on the night of Thursday, March 17.

Muslims believe that on this night, Allah decides the fortunes of the people for the coming year and their rizq (livelihood). Shab e Barat is a night that many Muslims revere as the night of forgiveness, praying all night to ask Allah to grant them blessings from him.

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It is reported by Tabrani and Al Bayhaqi, “The Prophet said: ‘In the middle of the night of Shaban, Allah the Highest descends to the lowest heaven and remits more sins than the hair of the goats of Banu Kalb.'”

Shab-e-Barat commemorates the day the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) entered the city of Mecca. Another belief says that Prophet Muhammad’s wife, Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa, went looking for him when she found him missing that night. She later found him in the cemetery of Medina, lamenting and praying for the forgiveness of the deceased for a long time and this lent him utmost sanctity to this day.

Shab-e-Barat marks the closing of his past deed books and the opening of the new deed book for the coming year.

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