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Revolutionizing Sustainability: India's Green Skill Development Program Leads the Way

India has been at the forefront of sustainability for a while now, with its Green Skill Development Program (GSDP) being a prime example.

By Florence Das
New Update
India's Green skill development program

India has been at the forefront of sustainability for a while now, with its Green Skill Development Program (GSDP) being a prime example. The program was launched in 2015 by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), to impart green skills to 5.5 lakh youth by 2021-22. The GSDP has been making remarkable progress, but there are still some shortcomings that need to be addressed.

The Green Skill Development Program (GSDP) has been implemented across India, with varying levels of success in different states. Some states have performed better in terms of achieving the program's objectives, while others have lagged. The states that have performed better in the GSDP include Gujarat, Karnataka, and Uttar Pradesh.

Gujarat has been particularly successful in training the youth in the renewable energy sector, with over 70% of those trained under the GSDP being employed in the field. Karnataka has been successful in promoting sustainable agriculture practices, while Uttar Pradesh has focused on waste management and water conservation.

On the other hand, some states have lagged in terms of achieving the program's objectives. These include Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar. These states have reported lower numbers of people trained under the GSDP, and the program's impact has been limited.


One of the reasons for the variation in performance across states is the difference in their capacity to implement the program effectively. The states with a more robust institutional framework and better infrastructure have been able to implement the program more effectively.

Additionally, states that have actively participated in promoting the GSDP and creating awareness among the public have been more successful in achieving their objectives.

Overall, while some states have performed better than others in the GSDP, the program's impact has been significant across India. The program has provided green skills training to the youth and created employment opportunities in sustainable sectors, contributing to India's efforts to promote sustainable development.

Targets Achieved by GSDP

The GSDP has been successful in achieving many of its targets. According to recent data, the program has trained over 7 lakh people in green skills, surpassing its original goal. The training has been provided across various sectors, including renewable energy, waste management, water management, and sustainable agriculture, among others. The program has also established 37 skill development centres across the country, ensuring that the training is accessible to people from different regions.

The program has not only provided training, but also created employment opportunities. The MoEFCC has reported that over 80 per cent of those trained under the GSDP have either been employed or self-employed. The GSDP has contributed significantly to India's efforts to reduce unemployment and promote sustainable development.

Shortcomings of GSDP

While the GSDP has been successful in achieving its primary goal, there are still some areas where it falls short. One of the major shortcomings is the lack of awareness and participation from the private sector. The GSDP has primarily focused on providing training to the youth. But, it is equally important to involve the private sector in sustainability efforts. The private sector is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, and its participation is crucial for India to achieve its sustainability goals.

green skill development program
Twitter: moefcc

Another shortcoming of the GSDP is the lack of gender inclusivity. Despite efforts to make the program accessible to both men and women, there is a significant gender gap in participation.

According to a recent report, only 30% of those trained under the GSDP are women. This highlights the need to create a more inclusive program that encourages and supports women's participation.

The Way Forward

To address the shortcomings, the GSDP needs to focus on creating more partnerships with the private sector. By involving the private sector in sustainability efforts, the GSDP can create more employment opportunities and achieve its goals more effectively. The government can also provide incentives to the private sector for investing in sustainable practices.

The GSDP also needs to take steps to promote gender inclusivity. The program can encourage more women to participate by providing targeted training and support. The government can also work with organizations that focus on women's empowerment. This will ensure that more women have access to the program.


The GSDP has been successful in revolutionizing sustainability in India by providing green skills training to the youth. However, there are still some areas where the program needs to improve, particularly in terms of private-sector participation and gender inclusivity. The government needs to continue to support the GSDP and address its shortcomings to ensure that the program's impact is maximized across all states. By addressing these shortcomings, the GSDP can become an even more effective tool for promoting sustainable development in India.

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