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Extreme heat will affect working-class employment

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Ground Report | New Delhi: Extreme heat will affect; When the temperature in Europe reached 35 degrees Celsius in the last few days, everyone from those working in the open air to those working in offices began to complain of severe fatigue. But if you look at South Asia and Africa, people in these regions have to work in such extreme heat for most months of the year.

People in low-income jobs who work in agriculture, construction, and other outdoor activities are more likely to be under pressure due to the extreme heat. It can affect health in the form of fatigue, heatstroke, or occasional death. Researchers, however, have concluded that extreme heat has a direct effect on labor productivity.

The extreme heat caused by climate change is negatively affecting workers’ work and wages. If things continue as they are, the time is not far when labor productivity will fall by 20%.

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If global temperatures rise to 3.5 percent, according to fears, South Africa’s GDP per capita could fall by 20 percent by 2100. A study conducted last year found that agriculture, mining, construction, and other low-skilled and low-income people would be most affected. (Extreme heat will affect)

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The International Labor Organization (ILO) also conducted a study in this regard two years ago. It found that extreme heat and rising temperatures could lead to the loss of 80 million jobs by 2030. This means that by the end of this decade, the total worldwide operating hours could be reduced by 2.2%. 

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In many countries in South Asia, including Pakistan, where the heat is intense, the rate could be as high as five percent. Overall, if global temperatures rise by 3.5 percent by the end of this century, economic output could fall by as much as 20 percent.

According to Shoro Das Gupta of the Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change (CMCC) in Venice, Italy, “In the heat of the day, you will be able to reduce your workload and reduce your income.” According to Das Gupta, low-income earners will suffer more than high-income earners. He further warned that not only this but this potential development could result in widespread migration and migration. “People will move from poor and hot areas to moderate and cold areas.”

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