Climate change is a major challenge facing our planet today. This is an all-encompassing threat that will pose significant environmental, economic, social, and political challenges for years and decades to come. It is scientifically less predictable, and its impacts are likely to negatively affect the most vulnerable and poor people, who have contributed the least to the main causes of climate change. Government, non-governmental organizations, environmentalists, conservationists, and donors around the world are focusing on this issue.
According to the UNEP report, some parts of the state are of moderate to high vulnerability. According to the INCCA assessment, the number of rainy days in the Himalayan region in the 2030s may increase by an average of 5 to 10 days, with an increase of more than 15 days in the eastern part of Jammu and Kashmir.
Climate change poses a serious threat to agriculture, horticulture, water resources, tourism, species diversity, habitats, forests, wildlife and livelihoods in Jammu Kashmir.
According to the UNEP report, some parts of the state are of moderate to high vulnerability. According to the INCCA assessment, the number of rainy days in the Himalayan region in the 2030s may increase by an average of 5 to 10 days, with an increase of more than 15 days in the eastern part of the Jammu region. and Kashmir.
Rain intensity is likely to increase by 1-2 mm/day. This is likely to affect some of the horticultural crops. The rate of glacier recession is reported to vary, which is attributed to winter precipitation, climate warming, and anthropogenic elements. Temperature, precipitation and cold snaps are very likely to have a significant impact on the agricultural sector.
- Irrigated rice, wheat and mustard productions may be reduced by 6%, 4% and 4%, respectively.
- The deficit in food production in the Kashmir region has reached 40 %, while the deficit is 30 % in vegetable production and 69 % in oilseed production, putting food security at a greater risk.
- Invasion of weeds in the croplands and those are regularly weeded out by the farmers.
- Increased frequency of insect-pest attacks Declines in crop yield.
- More and more paddy land is being converted to rain-fed orchard or dry land. The huge chunk of paddyland has been converted into rain-fed dryland in the districts of Anantnag, Baramulla, Bandipora, Badgam, Pulwama, Kulgam and Shopian in recent years.
- The area under apple cultivation increased however yield per hectare has significantly declined during the past decades.
The deficit in food production is growing in Jammu and Kashmir. With the reduction in rainfall, rainfed agriculture will suffer the most. Horticultural crops such as apples are also showing a decline in production, particularly due to decreased snowfall.
About 34% to 39% of forest grids are likely to experience changes in vegetation type with a trend towards a greater presence of wetter forest types. Climate change has an impact on human health, for example, impacts of heat stress, vectors, waterborne pathogens, water quality, air quality, food availability, etc. It is projected that the spread of malaria, tick-borne diseases, etc. everything is improved.
The annual temperature is projected to increase from 0.9±0.6oC to 2.6±0.7oC in the 2030s. The net increase in temperature is between 1.7°C and 2.2°C relatives to the 1970s. Seasonal air temperatures also show an increase in all seasons. Annual precipitation in the Himalayan region is likely to range between 1,268±225.2 and 1,604±175.2 mm in the 2030s. Projected precipitation is likely to increase by 5% to 13% in the 2030s. 2030 relative to the 1970s. (Climate Change Jammu Kashmir)
Rain intensity is likely to increase by 1-2 mm/day. Water production in the Himalayan region, covered mainly by the Indus River, is likely to increase by 5-20% in most areas, with some areas of Jammu and Kashmir showing an increase of up to 50%. % with respect to the 1970s.
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