72% of electricity is produced from coal: Govt in Lok Sabha

The share of coal in the total primary energy mix has increased from about 42 per cent in 2009-10 to 45.56 per cent in 2020-21. As far as power generation is concerned, more than 72 per cent of power generation in the country is coal based (including lignite), Parliamentary Affairs, Coal and Mines Minister Pralhad Joshi informed in Lok Sabha today.

Electricity produced from coal

The other major sectors using coal as energy goods include steel, sponge iron, cement, pulp and paper, fertilizers, etc. With the increasing demand for energy in the country due to population increase, urbanization and economic growth, etc., coal is expected to play a pivotal role in providing an affordable and secure source of energy for years to come.

The Government has initiated various steps to increase domestic coal production in the country in order to achieve self-sufficiency.

Some of the major initiatives undertaken include the single window for authorization, the amendment of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act of 1957 to allow captive mines to sell up to 50% of their annual production after meeting the requirements of end-use plants, MDO Model production, increased use of mass production technologies, new projects and expansion of existing projects, and auctioning of coal blocks to private companies/PSUs for commercial mining100% foreign direct investment has also been allowed for commercial mining.

According to CIL data, India’s coal-fired generation accounted for 69.9% of the country’s total electricity generation of 1,490 277 million units in the fiscal year 2021-22 (April-March), a growth of 9.5% compared to the previous year. The country’s electricity generation from renewable sources was 11.4%, or 169.396 million units, while coal-based generation was 1,041.459 million units.

Domestic coal production is expected to grow by 6-7% per year in the coming years to reach around 1.5 billion tons in 2029-30. For a smooth transit of coal to end users, steps are also being taken to improve haulage infrastructure through new rail projects and to mechanize coal loading through First Mile Connectivity (FMC) projects.

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