In the United States, the Supreme Court overturned one of its own earlier rulings that had stood in the country for nearly 50 years. The 1973 decision provided a constitutional right to abortion, and the bombshell vote won the support of five of the six conservative justices on the court.
Millions of women in the United States will lose their legal right to abortion after this decision. This landmark decision will change existing abortion laws and allow different states to ban abortion practices on an individual level.
The US Supreme Court’s decision to abolish the right to abortion has provoked strong reactions in many countries, including the United States.
Six justices ruled in favour of upholding Mississippi’s 15-week ban, but it was the majority opinion of five justices that ultimately led to the full review of Roe v. Wade.
The majority opinion, written by Justice Samuel Alito, was joined by Justices Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett. Thomas and Kavanaugh also filed concurring opinions.
Chief Justice John Roberts submitted an opinion concurring with the ruling, in which he advocated a stricter ruling.
Judges who voted to overturn Roe v. Wade
Justice Clarence Thomas voted to overturn Roe v. Wade. He also asked the court to consider examining other major cases, including Obergefell v. Hodges (granting the right to same-sex marriage) and Griswold v. Connecticut (protecting the right to contraception).
“As I explained earlier, ‘substantive due process is an oxymoron that ‘lacks any basis in the Constitution,’” he wrote.
Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
Judge Samuel A. Alito, Jr. voted to overturn Roe v. Wade. Alito wrote the opinion overturning the ruling, writing that the Constitution makes no reference to abortion.
“It is time to heed the Constitution and return the abortion issue to the elected representatives of the people,” he wrote.
Alito also wrote the draft opinion that circulated in May, which revealed that the Supreme Court was likely to overturn Roe v. Wade.
Neil M Gorsuch
Judge Neil M. Gorsuch voted to overturn Roe v. Wade and support Mississippi law.
Brett M Kavanaugh
Judge Brett M. Kavanaugh voted to overturn Roe v. Wade and supported the Mississippi law. In a concurring opinion, Kavanaugh wrote that states should not prevent people from traveling for abortions, citing the “constitutional right to interstate travel.”
Amy Coney Barrett
The newest member of the Supreme Court, Justice Amy Coney Barrett, voted to overturn Roe v. Wade and uphold Mississippi law.
Justices who voted to uphold Roe v. Wade
Stephen G. Breyer
Justice Stephen G. Breyer, who is retiring at the end of this Supreme Court term and will be succeeded by Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson, voted against overturning Roe v. Wade. Breyer also voted against upholding the Mississippi law.
Judge Sonia Sotomayor voted against overturning Roe v. Wade and against upholding the Mississippi law.
Judge Elena Kagan voted against overturning Roe v. Wade and against upholding the Mississippi law.
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Justice John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, voted to uphold Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization on Friday.
Strong criticism of decision
Leaders in the United States, Britain and Canada have strongly criticized the US Supreme Court’s decision on abortion, which threatens to deprive American women of their right to abortion.
Many quarters have expressed frustration over the reversal of an earlier US court ruling protecting women’s right to abortion. US President Joe Biden lamented the decision, calling it a “sad day” for the United States and “conservative” Supreme Court justices. President Biden said the fight for abortion rights is “not over.”
The president said his administration would protect access to contraceptives and resources and do everything possible to ensure that women do not feel the need to travel to other countries for abortions.
Former US President Barack Obama and his wife Michelle Obama have also expressed deep frustration over the decision, saying it has broken their hearts. Michelle Obama said she was “heartbroken” that the state wanted to “control” young women’s “reproductive decisions.”
Barack Obama said in a tweet that the ruling by the conservative-majority US Supreme Court was a step backwards. “Today, the Supreme Court not only overturned nearly 50-year precedent but also made its personal decisions in line with the aspirations of some politicians,” Obama wrote. “This decision amounts to an attack on the fundamental freedoms of millions of Americans.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson says the decision is a “huge step backwards”. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also called the ruling “terrible.”
French President Emmanuel Macron has expressed his solidarity with American women whose personal freedoms have been challenged. The German Minister for Family Affairs also said that he was “shocked” by the decision.
Welcome by Trump and Pence
Former US President Donald Trump, Pence, who served as US Vice President under Trump, and some other officials of the former Trump administration have welcomed the decision of the US Supreme Court. “This decision is in fact following the country’s constitution and is returning rights that should have been revoked long ago,” Donald Trump told Fox News.
When Trump was asked if he felt he had played a role in the decision by appointing three conservative judges to the Supreme Court during his presidency, he said: This decision was made by God.”
Former US Vice President Mike Pence said, “Now that the ‘Row vs. Wade’ decision has become part of a historic pile of ashes, a new field of purpose in life has emerged and all those who value the sanctity of life.” Take care, they have a duty to solve this problem.
What did the court say?
A lawsuit against the state of Mississippi in the country’s supreme court challenged the US law that prohibits abortion 15 weeks after conception. The Supreme Court issued its historic ruling after hearing the same case.
The US Supreme Court currently has a majority of conservative justices, with a majority of six of the nine members ruling that the US Constitution “does not provide a right to abortion.” In contrast, all three justices argued that the US Constitution gives women the right to abortion.
With this decision, the US Supreme Court overturned its own decision in ‘Row vs. Wade’, 50, who made abortion legal and enforceable across the country. I have lived.
In 1973, in a case known as ‘Row v. Wade’, the Supreme Court ruled that women had a right to abortion under the United States Constitution. However, the same court reversed its decision on Friday.
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