100 days of Russian invasion of Ukraine: What has changed so far?

It has been 100 days since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and around the world, where the world has seen Europe as unstable and the global economy as weak, the world system has been in crisis.

But despite all this, Russian President Vladimir Putin is in power, and despite the failures of the Russian military campaign, there is no sign of him backing down.

The following is an excerpt of what has changed since the start of the Ukraine invasion on February 24 this year, and what should have been, but was not.

Russian invasion of Ukraine

Before the invasion of Ukraine, President Vladimir Putin often met with Western leaders, and even French President Emmanuel Macron hosted Putin at his private residence in the summer of 2019.

But now Western leaders have unhesitatingly described Putin as a “dictator” and a “war criminal” and have been ostracized, as have his supporters, such as Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, who visits the West frequently. . What they used to do is forbidden.

However, despite constant unconfirmed rumours about his health and discontent with him in close circles, Putin still maintains control of his country’s internal affairs and is supported by the war against Ukraine.

Ukrainian resistance greater than expected

One thing is for sure, Russia failed in its initial goal of taking control of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, and faced more Ukrainian resistance than expected.

But even then, Russian forces have penetrated deep into Ukraine, and Moscow is determined to occupy a large part of the Russian-speaking territory in eastern Donbas.

Previously, in 2014, there were problems with Russia’s annexation of the Crimean peninsula, which was never recognized by the international community, and Putin is still in no hurry to resign. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving office.

Geoffrey and former diplomat Michelle Foucher told AFP that if Donbas is captured by Russia, Ukraine’s strategic port of Odesa in the west could become a “line of fire”. “The era that is beginning is not conducive to Ukrainians,” she said. The United States and Germany are also providing Ukraine with sophisticated weapons to resist Russia.

Weapons provided by the Biden administration include the M-142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (Hummers), which the head of Ukraine’s armed forces said a month ago that he intended to counter Russian missile attacks. It is important’

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Who opposed Russia, who remained silent?

Although the European Union, the United Kingdom and the United States have been relatively united despite their strategic differences, the pressure on Russia has not been as pervasive as it should have been.

China has never explicitly condemned Russian aggression, and Moscow has partnered with Beijing to contain Western isolation.

On the other hand, India, which relies on Russian weapons, has been just as cautious. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a NATO member, has also taken precautions not to damage relations with Moscow, while the drones used by Ukraine belong to Turkey.

Steven Gerzad, director of the African Governance and Diplomacy Program at the South African Institute of International Affairs, said most countries in the BRICS group of emerging economies were “very reluctant” to condemn the attack.

“I think there are some countries in Africa that say they want to be as neutral as South Africa, but that is interpreted as Russia’s support in this situation,” he said.

strict restrictions

Western powers have also agreed to impose the toughest sanctions ever imposed on Russia, aimed at isolating it from the world economy and trying to hurt Vladimir Putin politically.

The sanctions also hurt consumers outside of Russia. Russia is a major supplier of grain to many countries in the world, and European countries still depend on oil supplied by Moscow. Although the European Union has agreed to a limited ban on Russian oil, a gas ban would mark another step.

According to the Associated Press (AP), in support of Ukraine, EU countries have recently decided to impose a ban on oil imports from Russia by the end of this year, which only applies to the sea. About 90% of the oil imported through China will be oil, but the pipeline will continue to supply oil to Hungary.

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