Ground Report | New Delhi: What changed in 20 years; Afghanistan was not occupied by the Taliban for the last 20 years. The condition of women under his rule is said to be very bad. Has anything changed for women in the last 20 years?
Women are now seen playing different roles in Afghanistan. But whether anything has really changed for them in the last 20 years.
According to data from Britain’s National Statistics and Information Authority, in 2004 there were 51,200 women working in government offices. In 2018, their number increased to 87 thousand. The number of women working in government offices has increased more than men. While the number of government employees men increased by 41 percent, the number of women increased by 69 percent.
What changed in 20 years
In the 2018 general election, there were 417 women candidates, which is a record. Prior to Taliban control, 27 percent of parliamentarians were women, which is higher than the international average (25 percent). Afghanistan had 5 percent women judges in 2007, which increased to 13 percent in 2018.
According to a report by the Afghan government, the number of girls studying in government colleges and universities increased seven times between 2002 and 2019. This increase was more than the number of boys. There are now more female teachers in Afghanistan than ever before. In 2018, about a third of the total teachers in the country were women.
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A report by Human Rights Watch says that 90 thousand children went to school in 2001, which increased to 92 lakh in 2017. Of these, 39 percent were girls. In 2009, the Elimination of Violence Against Women Act was passed in Afghanistan, under which 22 activities were classified as crimes. These activities include the killing of women, rape, forced marriage, etc.
According to the US government’s report on gender equality, there were 180 women policemen in Afghanistan in 2005, which increased to 3,560 in 2019.