The report of the Global Hunger Index (GHI) for the year 2022 has been released, in which its neighbours are Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh in a better position than India.
In this report released regarding the ranking of 121 countries, India is at 107th position while its neighbouring country Pakistan is at 99th position. In this list, the country in the best position in South Asia is Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka, which is facing economic problems, has been ranked 64th in this index.
Global Hunger Index 2022
The GHI, which lists countries by “severity,” has given India a score of 29.1, which falls into the “serious” category of the level of hunger.
The list, which ranks Yemen lowest at 121, has 17 collective top-ranking nations – the differences in their severity score are minimal. China and Kuwait are the Asian countries that top the list, dominated by European nations such as Croatia, Estonia and Montenegro.
The GHI score is calculated on four indicators: malnutrition; child wasting (the proportion of children under five years of age who are underweight for their height, reflecting acute malnutrition); child stunting (children under five who are short for their age, reflecting chronic malnutrition); and infant mortality (the mortality rate of children under the age of five).
India’s neighbouring country Nepal is at 81st place while Bangladesh is at 84th place. Except for only one neighbouring country, Afghanistan, the condition of all is better than India in the Hunger Index. Afghanistan is ranked 109th on this list.
Countries ranked below India on the Global Hunger Index are Zambia, Afghanistan, Timor-Leste, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Lesotho, Liberia, Niger, Haiti, Chad, Dem. Rep. of the Congo, Madagascar, Republic of Central Africa, Yemen. For 15 countries, including Guinea, Mozambique, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Burundi, Somalia, South Sudan and Syria, ranges could not be determined due to a lack of data, according to the report.
What is Global Hunger Index
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a comprehensive measure and tracking of hunger at the global, regional and national levels. The GHI score is typically measured on the values of four indicators, including malnutrition, severe infant malnutrition, stunted growth and child mortality.
The GHI has a total score of 100 points, on the basis of which the status of the severity of hunger of a country is shown. That is, if a country’s score is zero, then it is in good condition and if someone’s score is 100 then it is in very bad condition. India’s score is 29.1 which falls in the very serious category.
Criticism of the Modi government at the Center also began after the Global Hunger Index report came out.
Former Finance Minister and Congress Leader P. Chidambaram has tweeted “When will the Hon’ble PM address real issues like malnutrition, hunger, and stunting and wasting among children? 22.4 crore people in India have considered undernourished India’s rank in the Global Hunger Index is near the bottom — 107 out of 121 countries”.
CPM leader and former Finance Minister of Kerala Thomas Isaac has tweeted India ranked at 107 in Global Hunger Index for 2022. Only Afghanistan among S Asian countries is below us. In 2015 India’s rank (modified to take into account change in methodology) was 93. Among the component indicators, child wasting deteriorated to 19.3%, highest in the world.
CPM leader Sitaram Yechury has tweeted “Dangerous, sharp slide of India on global hunger index since 2014. Modi govt is disastrous for India. Low food stocks barely over minimum buffer + 🔺prices. Govt must take responsibility for this era of darkness India has been brought to in 8.5 years. Enough of PR, spin & lies.”
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