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Explained: 3621 Children Orphaned, Since April 2020

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Central Government on Monday asked the Supreme Court to frame a relief scheme for children orphaned due to covid-19 under PM Cares Fund.

Ground Report | New Delhi: During the covid-19 epidemic, between April 1, 2020, and June 5, 2021, 3621 children have become orphans in the country, while 26,176 children have lost one of their parents.

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) said that 274 children have been found abandoned in child protection centers across the country. Including these, the total number of children registered on the portal is 30,071. The commission has registered the children on the ‘Bal Swaraj’ portal after collecting the information from the states and union territories. 

These children include children who have lost either their parents or either of the parents. Maharashtra has reported the maximum number of 7084 cases among the states. Uttar Pradesh is in second place, where 3172 cases have been reported. 2482 cases have been reported in Rajasthan.

Among the affected children are 15,620 boys, and 14,447 girls, and four transgender. Among the states, Maharashtra has the highest number of orphan with 217 children have lost their parents. Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan recorded a very high number of orphans at 706 and 671 respectively.

The supreme court has known of this matter. The supreme court has issued instructions to the district administration in all the states to take responsibility. The top court said that the district administration should take responsibility for the children who lost their parents due to parents due to corona.

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The child adaptation policy

Adoption of a child is a long legal process, but there is no mention of money transfer anywhere in it. Even adopted parents cannot be asked as per rules to make an investment in the name of the child. According to the rules, Parents must do these qualifications.

  • Any believable parents who may or may not have any biological children of their own can adopt the child provided.
  • If the believable guardian is married, both of them must have a mutual agreement.
  • A single woman can adopt a child of any gender.
  • Whereas a single male can adopt only a boy.

 Rights of adopted child

The right to receive property from their adoptive parents under intestacy laws. When a parent dies without a will or other resource plan, that parent’s children have a right to distribute that parent’s resource. Adopted children have this right in connection to their adoptable parents.

Foster care

Foster care is a system in which a minor has been placed into maintenance, group home, or private home of a state-certified career, referred to as a “foster parents “or with a family member accepting the state.

The placement of the child is normally set up care the government or a social service agency. The institution, group home, or foster parent is chargeable for expenses unless whit a family member. In some states, relatives or “connection “careers of children who are ward of the state, are provided with a financial salary.

Most of the orphans are in the age group of 0-13 years,

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The affidavit filed by advocate Swarupma Chaturvedi, appearing for the commission, said that 274 children were abandoned in the last one year while most of the orphaned children are in the age group of 0-13 years. The second wave of the Corona epidemic has caused a lot of devastation in the country.

Outline of relief for orphaned children from PM Cares Fund:

On the other hand, the Central Government on Monday asked the Supreme Court to frame a relief scheme for children orphaned due to covid-19 under PM Cares Fund.

The Center told a special bench of Justices L Nageswara Rao and Aniruddha Bose that the exercise is on to prepare the draft plan in this regard. Additional Solicitor General Aishwarya Bhati, on behalf of the Central Government, told the bench that talks are going on with the stakeholders about how relief can be given to the children orphaned due to covid from the PM Cares Fund. 

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