Ground Report | New Delhi: New sex ratio by NFHS is overestimated; The number of males per 1000 in India has reached 1020, according to the fifth phase of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5). These figures have never been recorded in all four previous NFHS reports (1992 to 2016). Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person.
The survey report itself warns that in many cases the sample size of some states and territories is too small, so caution should be exercised in interpreting and comparing. The data from the entire survey was collected from a total of 6.36 lakh households in the country, of which 724,115 are women and 101,839 are men.
Down To Earth quoting Nand Lal Mishra, a research fellow at the International Institute of Population Sciences, said the increase in the sex ratio of females per 1000 males appears to be due to two reasons. The first is the de facto count in the survey fact sheet. Defacto refers to the number of men and women who stayed home on the night of the survey. The second count seems too much because the sex ratio has improved over the last three decades.
The increase in the sex ratio of females per 1000 males appears to be due to two reasons. The first is the de facto count in the survey fact sheet. Defacto refers to the number of men and women who stayed home on the night of the survey. The second count seems too much because the sex ratio has improved over the last three decades.
According to the NFHS-5 report, the ratio of males to females in these states with large populations and migrant workers is 970 females per 1000 males in Madhya Pradesh and 1,017 females per 1000 males in Uttar Pradesh. Similarly, Orissa has 1063 females per 1000 males and Rajasthan has 1009 females per 1000 males.
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In 1998, NFHS Survey-II reported that there were 957 females per 1000 males in rural areas of the country, compared to 928 females per 1000 males in urban areas. The data in the survey report tells us that “more men than women are migrating to urban areas.” (New sex ratio by NFHS is overestimated)
Sex ratio expert Jashodhara Dasgupta said that it is not correct to draw conclusions based on the NFHS report. There are questions about these figures. The sex ratio figures of the census can only draw clear conclusions because in it we count the whole population (1.3 billion people) and then calculate the ratio.
“The NFHS only counts specific women who belong to certain demographic categories. There is bias. Just look at the state data where the sample size is very small. To get a clearer picture we need to look at the next census. We will have to wait for the statistics, ” she said.