Ground Report | New Delhi: What is REDD+?; REDD + is a United Nations-backed framework that aims to slow climate change by stopping the destruction of forests. REDD stands for “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation”; the symbol + implies that in its implementation there are components of conservation, sustainable management of forests with the participation of local population, and increase in forest carbon stocks.
What is REDD+?
Emission Reduction or Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), created by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Conference of Parties (COP) to guide activities in forests Gaya is a structure. Which is to cut down trees and reduce emissions from forest degradation. As well as enhance the conservation of forest carbon stock in sustainable management and development of forests.
It aims to implement activities by national governments to reduce human pressure on forests. resulting in greenhouse gas emissions at the national level, but also recognizes subnational implementation as an interim measure. The implementation of activities is voluntary and depends on the national circumstances, capabilities and level of support received by each developing country.
REDD + at the beginning when it happened?
The framework or mechanism is commonly known as the Warsaw Framework for (WFR). Which was adopted at Cop 19 in December 2013 in Warsaw. It provides a complete methodology and financial guidance for the implementation of the activities.
REDD+ is also recognized in Article 5 of the Paris Agreement, where the Parties reiterate the incentive to implement activities and should be an integral part of the Paris Agreement. Therefore, the WFR serves as a foundation for the teams engaged in REDD+ to fulfill the highest level of commitment to climate action in the forest area.
WFR has mobilized significant resources for REDD+ implementation including capacity building, technical support, demonstration activities, and outcome-based finance. Many developing countries have significantly increased forest monitoring and management capacity, which is essential for achieving forest conservation and sustainable management of forests in the long term. Many developed countries and financial institutions have provided significant support to the preparation and demonstration activities of REDD+ and continue to do so to ensure the sustainability of operations.
As of January 2020, a total of 50 developing countries have submitted forest reference levels, or forest reference emissions levels, to the UNFCC for technical evaluation, covering more than 70 percent of the total forest area of developing countries. 15 countries have summarized information on how security measures are being taken and respected.
12 countries have submitted a national strategy or action plan. The Lima Information Hub for REDD+ lists 6 countries that have all the elements to qualify for and be eligible to receive outcome-based finance for REDD+. Overall, the activities listed in the Lima Information Hub for resulted in a reduction of 6.3 billion tonnes of CO2 emissions.