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What has China done on the LAC near Ladakh border?

What has China done on the LAC near the Ladakh border?

China has increased its military power and weapons capacity in the Line of Actual Control (LAC) over two years. China expanded troop accommodation within 100 km of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the western sector, according to intelligence inputs.

China near Ladakh border

According to The Hindi report, in the western sector of LAC, China has built 100 km of LAC. There has been a great increase in the number of soldiers within the range of the army and long-range weapons, rocket systems, and modern defence systems have been installed.

At the same time, China has expanded the runway and increased space to hold fighter jets. China has made these major changes to the border in the last two years.

An official source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said: “The western sector of LAC had a capacity of 20,000 troops before the fighting started in 2020, but now, based on the infrastructure here, a lakh of 20,000 troops can be accommodated. China has also started solar power projects and small hydroelectric plants throughout LAC. This will help Chinese soldiers to stay in Ladakh in winter.

According to the sources, China is also building a modern village near LAC. It is 100 km from the border with China. The four PLA (Chinese Army) divisions under the Xinjiang Military District are being replaced from time to time in eastern Ladakh. When the confrontation began in 2020, the fourth and sixth divisions were deployed, which were replaced by the eighth and eleventh divisions in 2021.

This year the fourth and sixth divisions are again being deployed. The process of converting all these divisions into Combined Arms Brigades (CAB) is underway. The equipment update is almost ready.

modern weapons

According to the source, the 4th division has an armoured regiment, in which the first-generation tank ZTZ-88 has been replaced by the modern third-generation light tank ZTQ 15 (Type 15). However, no changes have been made to the second-generation Type 96 tanks in the sixth division. From a technical point of view, the tank’s fire control system has been improved.

Similar wheeled armoured vehicles have been upgraded from ZBL 08 to ZTL-11.

In August 2020, India and China deployed tanks to an altitude of 15,000 feet when there was a clash in the Kailash Range on the southern bank of Pangong Tso. The Indian Army had also submitted a tender for the purchase of light tanks.

Similarly, air capacity and the air base near LAC have been upgraded, according to official sources. It also includes space expansion to support larger fighter jets and landing strips.

The Chinese military built helipads at Shigatse and Rudok and upgraded airstrips at Gargunsh, Lhasa and Guangzhou.

Better mobility

According to the sources, when it comes to long-range weapons, the PLA has given up 50 km. Truck-mounted howitzers have been deployed in place of the Todd howitzers. This will increase the mobility of the army and make it easier to attack.

In addition, the PLA has deployed the PHL-3 Multiple Rocket Launch System, which has a range of 100 km. And it is better than previous weapons on target. This is the Chinese version of the Russian guns, three regiments of which are stationed in the Indian Army.

According to sources, in the eastern region, China has 50 km of LAC. Artillery cannons also stay within range. However, since the confrontation, India has also expanded its military capabilities and improved its infrastructure towards LAC.

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