Wahid Bhat |SRINAGAR
Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) personnel have lost At least 176 lives while on duty in the past two years in which CRPF lost 81 of its personnel.
India’s largest paramilitary force, CRPF, which is at the forefront of the fight against Maoist violence in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand and is fighting militants in Kashmir, lost 52 personnel in 2017 and 29 in 2018.
The Indo-Tibetian Border Police, posted in inhospitable terrains in areas bordering China and for internal security duties, has reported the second highest casualty with 44 deaths, according to information shared by Minister of State for Home Affairs Nityanand Rai in the Rajya Sabha.
The Border Security Force, which faces the brunt of Pakistani shelling and violence from smugglers along the border with Bangladesh, lost 32 personnel in 2017 and 2018.
The Assam Rifles lost 13 personnel in the last two years while the Sashastra Seema Bal lost four personnel in the same period.
The Central Industrial Security Force, which is in charge of vital installations, VVIPs, airports and important government buildings and monuments, lost two personnel in the past two years. Rai also said there is no “official nomenclature” to accord martyr status to the CRPF men killed in the Pulwama attack.
What is Central Armed Police Forces?
The Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) refers to uniform nomenclature of seven security forces in India under the authority of Ministry of Home Affairs. They are the Assam Rifles (AR), Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Security Guard (NSG), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB).
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
The Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces units with 313,678 personnel in 239 battalions. The Central Reserve Police includes The Rapid Action Force (RAF), a 10 battalion anti-riot force trained to respond to sectarian violence. The Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA), a 10 battalion strong anti-Naxalite/COIN force
Border Security Force (BSF)
The primary role of the Border Security Force is to guard the border of the India with Pakistan and Bangladesh, it is deployed both on the IB and the LOC. The BSF also has active roles during times of war. It has 257,363 personnel in 186 battalions, and is headed by an Indian Police Service officer.
Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the border with China from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu La in Arunachal Pradesh covering a total distance of 3488 km. It has 89,432 personnel in 56 fighting, 2 DM and 4 specialized battalions.
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
One of the largest industrial security forces in the world, the Central Industrial Security Force provides security to various Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and other critical infrastructure installations, major airports across the country and provides security during elections and other internal security duties and VVIP protection. It has a total strength of about 144,418 personnel in 132 battalions. including 9 reserve battalions.
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal (English: Armed Border Force) is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan Borders. It has 76,337 personnel and 67 battalions, as well as some reserved battalions.