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One nation one data, how this will benefit nation?

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Ground Report | New Delhi: The Nation is ready for the ‘One Nation One Data’ initiative. This initiative is that the centre has proposed amendments to a 1969 law, Registration of Births and Deaths Act (RBD), 1969 that will enable it to “maintain the database of registered birth and deaths at the national level”.

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The Union Home Ministry has extended the deadline to December 2, 2021 for consultations to amend this act. “The Registrar General, India shall maintain the database of registered births and deaths at the national level, that may be used, with the approval of Central Government, to update Population Register prepared under the Passport Database of the Passport Act; and Driving Licence database under Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 and other databases at national level subject to provision of Section 17 (1) of RBD Act, 1969, the Aadhar data prepared under Aadhaar Act, 2016, and the Ration Card database prepared under National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA),” the draft bill says. 

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It proposes that the Chief Registrar (appointed by the states) would maintain a unified database at the state level and integrate it with the data at the “national level,” maintained by the Registrar General of India (RGI). 

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Benefits of One Nation One Data

  • It proposes to add Aadhaar number, ration card details, passport and driving license databases and will be used to update the Population Register and the electoral register.
  • Presently, the registration of births and deaths is done by the local registrar appointed by States. With this amendment, the database will be completely digitalized and integrated with the data at the “national level,” maintained by the Registrar General of India (RGI).
  • With the old and manual system, the deaths were not registered in many cases and it was misused.
  • If the amendments are implemented, the Centre could use the data to update the National Population Register (NPR).
  • With the updated database at the national level, the government can monitor the benefits of it’s schemes directly. For instance, if a youngster turns 18-years-old, he will start getting alerts on his phone to get registered for Voting.
  • It will also be used to identify kids who are orphans, adopted etc. and will be registered.
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