MSP in Agriculture : क्या होता है न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य ?

MSP in Agriculture : क्या होता है न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य ?

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केंद्र सरकार खेती-किसानी के क्षेत्र में सुधार के लिए तीन विधेयक लाई है। भारी विरोध के बावजूद भी इन विधेयकों को लोकसभा के बाद राज्यसभा में भी पारित करा लिया है। इन विधेयकों से पंजाब और हरियाणा समेत कुछ राज्यों में किसान नाराज हैं। उन्हें अपनी उपज पर मिलने वाले न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य (MSP) की चिंता है।

एमएसपी (MSP) वह न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य यानी गारंटेड मूल्य है जो किसानों को उनकी फसल पर मिलता है। भले ही बाजार में उस फसल की कीमतें कम हो। इसके पीछे तर्क यह है कि बाजार में फसलों की कीमतों में होने वाले उतार-चढ़ाव का किसानों पर असर न पड़े। उन्हें न्यूनतम कीमत मिलती रहे।

सरकार हर फसल सीजन से पहले सीएसीपी (CACP) यानी कमीशन फॉर एग्रीकल्चर कॉस्ट एंड प्राइजेस की सिफारिश पर एमएसपी तय करती है। यदि किसी फसल की बम्पर पैदावार हुई है तो उसकी बाजार में कीमतें कम होती है, तब एमएसपी उनके लिए फिक्स एश्योर्ड प्राइज का काम करती है। यह एक तरह से कीमतों में गिरने पर किसानों को बचाने वाली बीमा पॉलिसी की तरह काम करती है।

लोकसभा में पास हुए कृषि विधेयक पर हंगामा क्यों?

एमएसपी (MSP) तय करने का आधार- कृष‍ि लागत और मूल्य आयोग न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य की सिफारिश करता है। वह कुछ बातों को ध्यान में रखकर दाम तय किया जाता है। उत्पाद की लागत क्या है। फसल में लगने वाली चीजों के दाम में कितना बदलाव आया है। बाजार में मौजूदा कीमतों का रुख। मांग और आपूर्ति की स्थ‍िति। राष्ट्रीय व अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्तर की स्थ‍ितियां कैसी हैं।

क्या हैं नए कृषि विधेयक ?: 1. कृषि उपज व्यापार और वाणिज्य (संवर्धन और सुविधा) विधेयक 2. मूल्य आश्वासन तथा कृषि सेवाओं पर किसान (सशक्तिकरण और संरक्षण) समझौता 3. आवश्यक वस्तु (संशोधन)

किसानों को डर है कि नए कानून से मंडियां खत्म हो गईं तो किसानों को एमएसपी यानी न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य नहीं मिलेगा। किसानों की मांग है कि वन नेशन वन एमएसपी होना चाहिए। 

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1 thought on “MSP in Agriculture : क्या होता है न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य ?”

  1. Some Basic Facts

    Banias = Vermin
    Brahmins = Vermin
    Arhatiya = Vermin

    The Arhatiya have to be EXTERMINATED – alongwith the Bania scum.Indian Agriculture,is a Ponzi Story !

    Farmer A sells potatos at Rs 5/per Kg to Bania Arhatiya (B),who sorts,grades and sells to Bania wholesalers (C),at Rs 10/kg, who then sells to bania retailers (D),at Rs 20/kg,and then,who sell to users (F) at Rs 30/kg. dindooohindoo

    OR

    Bania Arhatiya (B),who sorts,grades and sells to Manufacturers (E)

    OR

    Bania Arhatiya (B),who sorts,grades and sells to Indian Walmart (G)

    Y not kill B,C and D ?

    Dharti Pe Bhoja

    Bascially B,C and D number 10-15 crore bania-brahmin vermin.They are worthless trash who cannot employed.So the Ponzi rule is that the Indian farmer (A) and the users (F),have to partake in a Ponzi Sceheme,to employ the bania vermin (B,C and D). So B.C and D are doing a Ponzi on A and F,with the blessings of the GOI – as the GOI is a nikamma namard state.

    Y are Dharti Pe Bhoja,in the Agri Business ? Simple,it is tax free,and so,is ideal for money laundering. 2ndly,the Dharti Pe Bhoja operate in those businesses,where the supplier is impotent (the farmer),the Buyer is an oaf (the user) and the GOI is absent,helpless and COMPLETELY RELIANT,on the Bania vermin.

    The Foolish Farmer

    The twit small farmer who gets loans from B,is getting the loan from the profits and cheating done by B earned FROM the conning A.The Indian State has abdicated the role of banking to farners and OUTSOURCED it to B.In 73 yearsthe nikamma GOI could not structure a MUDRA scheme for the small farmers – as B lends to A,at high ROI,and in some cases,on land/gold security.

    The farmer love for B is like state sposnored use of ganja.The farners have become addicted as B lends to A to snort ganja.

    The Financing of the Supply Chain of Bania vermin

    When B sells to C to D they sell on credit and recover only the marginal cost.With 7-15 rotations,when the Marginal Cost is recovered and there is a Profit of 100%,then they sell on clean credit ONLY to the Bania vermin.That way,the web is spread wide and far,and the compounding,is exponential

    Killing the Bania vermin

    By killing the Bania vermin,E and G will purchase from the farmers DIRECTLY.Therefore,the NSR to the farmer will OBVIOUSLY INCREASE.Farmer always has the option to sell to B,C and D.More importantly,it will force to organise and form,a co-operative and cartelise.

    The Maths

    The Potato Farmer will get Rs 10/kg as the stages of B,C and D are obviated by E and G.E and G have staff and godowns and so,they do not need B and the State Infrastructure.In any case,state infrastructure is trash.E and G will buy in clusters,all grades of Potatos, and so,the losses incurred by B.C and D of sorting,grading and storing are saved,and the farmer is also NOT Cheated.

    Since E and G have better infrastructure,the farmer purchase is free of tax (as E and G are NOT RELYING on the State) – and so,there is a saving of 8-10% therein,AND the margins of B,AND THE WORKING CAPITAL INTEREST OF B,and the Mandi losses (storage,sorting,handling etc.) – In Phase 1. The savings of E and G,will ensure that the farmer gets a price,HIGHER THAN THE MSP,paid by B to A.

    For the premium grades of Potato, E and G will pay a MUCH HIGHER PRICE to farmer – as that is where B makes the maximum margin – and so,on a basket price of all grades of Potatos,also,A will get a much higher price from E and G.In addition,the bonus and incentives paid by E and G to B for consistent quality,will ALSO go to Farmer A – and that will lead to strategic sourcing,agri hedging,partnership and technology transfer.

    Since the Mandis will NOT be used,or used to a lesser extent – the GOI subsidy and expense on the same,can be OBVIATED.and,in due Course,the Godowns and Infra in the Mandis,can be OUTSOURCED to E and G,or SOLD to E and G,THUS RAISING A ONE TIME OR RECURRING REVENUE,TO THE GOI

    More and more people will start retail cooperatives,as they can purchase from farmers,free of tax,and, at a lower landed cost – and so,the Bania chain of C and D,will face competition,and the Price to User E,will be lowered

    The Logistics supply chain will be improved,as the logistics operations of E amd G,will be at the door step,of the farmer – from the Farm Gate,to the Warehouses of E and G.

    MSP

    In India,perhaps 80% of farmers realisations are of NON-MSP Crops.So the MSP debate is irrelevant.In any case,the farmer has the option to go to the Mandi to sell the MSP crop.

    The Final Solution – Dharti Pe Bhoja

    These Bania Scum – B,C and D – who are bania and brahmin vermin, and for the last 5000 years,have been looting the agri,financial and industrial supply chain.They are off the banking grid – as they lend among each otherand sell on credit – and so,Indian Banks and the State,EARNS NO REVENUE from them.The black money anc capital created by these scum from the agri chain is deployed in money laundering and all the other illegal trades in this pathetic nation.

    The SAME capital of these vermin is COMPOUNDED at several stages in the SUPPLY CHAIN to Yield a return of 1000-1500% per annum – AT THE MINIMUM.

    There is NO CONTROL on their SPECUALTION as the Nikamma Indian State has NO DATA OR CONTROL OVER THEIR STOCKS.Hence,these vermin can CREATE supply shocks, at ANY TIME that they want.

    The Time has come to EXTERMINATE THEM – they are pure SCUM.

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