Ground Report | New Delhi: Poorest states in India; Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh are the poorest states in India according to NITI Aayog’s Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). According to the MPI, 51.91 percent of the population in Bihar, 42.16 percent in Jharkhand, and 37.79 percent in Uttar Pradesh are poor.
After this Madhya Pradesh, with 36.65 percent, is at number four in poverty. Meghalaya is at number five, where 32.67 percent of the population is poor. The lowest poverty is in Kerala (0.71%), Goa (3.76%), Sikkim (3.82%), Tamil Nadu (4.89%), and Punjab (5.59%).
According to this report, a globally accepted procedure has been adopted in the estimation of MPI. This process has been developed by Oxford Poverty, Human Development Initiative, and United Nations Development Program. In the assessment of poverty, equal importance has been given to health, education, and standard of living. Poverty has been assessed on the basis of a total of 12 parameters.
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Madhya Pradesh (36.65 percent) has been placed at the fourth position in the index, while Meghalaya (32.67 percent) is at the fifth position. Kerala (0.71 percent), Goa (3.76 percent), Sikkim (3.82 percent), Tamil Nadu (4.89 percent) and Punjab (5.59 percent) recorded the lowest poverty across India and are at the bottom of the index. ,
According to the report, India’s national MPI measure uses a globally accepted and robust methodology developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Importantly, as a measure of multidimensional poverty, it captures the multiple and simultaneous deprivations faced by families.
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India’s MPI has three equally weighted dimensions, health, education, and standard of living – which are nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, antenatal care, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, the report said. are represented by 12 indicators such as cleanliness, drinking. Water, electricity, housing, property, and bank accounts.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework adopted by 193 countries in 2015 has redefined development policies, government priorities, and metrics to measure development progress around the world.