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Did monkeypox spread from gay bisexual sex?

Did monkeypox spread from gay bisexual sex?

The first case of monkeypox in the current outbreak was reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) on May 7. The person in question had recently returned to the UK from Nigeria, where he is believed to have contracted the infection.

Since then, more cases have been reported in more than a dozen countries where the disease is not normally present, including several European countries, Israel, the US and Canada, as well as Australia.

Accoridng to the reports Person-to-person transmission is occurring in the UK, with a large proportion of cases identified in the gay, bisexual and men who have sex with men community.

The Associated Press reported the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine professor as saying: “We know that monkeypox can be spread when there is close contact with the lesions of someone who is infected, and it appears that sexual contact has now amplified that transmission.”

Did Monkeypox spread from gay bisexual sex?

The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasized that it does not reside in monkeys. Moreover, their reservoirs or hosts are usually small rodents such as squirrels. Although, indeed, the cases that have been detected in humans come from the handling of monkeys, giant Gambian rats or infected squirrels.

We need to get the message across that monkeypox is not a disease of men who have sex with men. It’s not about sexuality: People tend to get infected through close physical contact and it doesn’t have to be sexual in nature. Infected people will tend to infect people with whom they have close contact, which is why the risk of spread is high in affected households. (Monkeypox gay bisexual sex)

What is the cause of this confusion? It is a rare disease in humans and was discovered for the first time in Africa in 1958. It was diagnosed in two monkeys that were the subjects of scientific research and since it was the first time it had been detected, it was called monkeypox.

There has also been much debate about whether there is a higher chance of getting the disease if you are a man and if you are gay, bisexual, or have sex with other men. However, there is no scientific evidence that it affects one sex more than the other or that it spreads more in homosexual relationships.

Thus, the community of experts agrees that we are all susceptible to contracting monkeypox. It is not a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) nor does it increase the risk of contagion depending on our sex or sexual orientation.

So while a high proportion of cases have so far occurred among men who have sex with men, in part this reflects their social networks. It could just as easily have been an outbreak in a heterosexual friendship network, a sports group, an occupational group, or other social groups. Would it have carried so much risk of stigma then?

Also Read:  Monkeypox : मंकीपॉक्स से बचने के क्या उपाय हैं; जान लीजिए

Another danger of misrepresenting the monkeypox outbreak as only affecting men who have sex with men is that others at risk, for example, household members, may not realize this and protect themselves. We must also alert and inform travellers of endemic areas in West and Central Africa, as they may not realize there is a risk there.

First outbreak in humans

The first case that was detected in a human was in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He was a boy and had not been vaccinated against smallpox, which it should be remembered was not eradicated worldwide until 1980. The boy’s family attributed the infection to the fact that they ate monkeys from time to time.

On the other hand, in 2003 the first cases in humans outside the African continent were diagnosed. It was in the United States and it was because the patients’ domestic dogs had come into contact with rodents exported from Africa.

Regarding its lethality, Mariano Esteban, a virologist at the National Center for Biotechnology, points out in the Science Media Center that if the virus comes from the Congo, its mortality is 10% and if it comes from West Africa, 1%.

What are your symptoms? How is it spread?

Health has emphasized that its symptoms are generally milder than those of smallpox. Among them, the most common are fever, headache, chills and muscle pain. This is why in many cases the Covid-19 test is done since some of its symptoms coincide.

On the other hand, one of the most distinctive symptoms of this disease is the inflammation of the lymph nodes and, therefore, the throat, and also the appearance of skin wounds and rashes. While the virus usually lasts two to four weeks, it can take a couple more weeks for the rashes to clear up.

In a statement, the WHO has stated that people are usually infected by coming into contact with wild animals such as rodents and, to a lesser extent, primates. The contagion happens by coming into direct contact with blood, liquids and body fluids and infected wounds.

Therefore, the most common form of infection is by the bite of a wild animal and infection between humans is not as likely, but it is not ruled out.

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