Ground Report | New Delhi: Air pollution in India; Health and society are increasingly aware of the damage caused by air pollution and the millions of deaths it causes each year. In 2019 there were around 1.67 million deaths related to air pollution in India, which also meant losses for its economy of 36.8 billion dollars, 1.36% of its GDP.
According to an interdisciplinary journal Lancet Planetary Health, those 1.67 million deaths account for 17.8% of the total deaths in 2019 in India, “Health and economic impact of air pollution in the states of India”, a country in which Their cities tend to rank higher on the lists of the world’s most polluted cities.
Air pollution in India
The death toll last year contrasts with the 1.24 million air pollution-related deaths recorded in India in 2017, a worsening situation that may negatively impact the economic aspirations of this Asian country of 1.35 billion. population.
“The high burden of death and disease due to air pollution and the substantial adverse economic impact associated with lost production could impede India’s aspiration to be a $ 5 trillion economy by 2024, ” the study warns.
New Delhi, which often holds the title of the world’s most polluted capital, also had the largest per capita economic loss in the country from air pollution in 2019, followed by neighboring Haryana states.
The environmental crisis in New Delhi tends to worsen each year with the arrival of the coldest months between October and February when the air begins to become more toxic.
A variety of factors contribute to this, such as industrial activity and pollution caused by automobiles, or the burning of stubble by farmers in northern India. In October, the capital reached extreme levels of pollution again after the improvement in air quality caused by the pandemic.